Skip Navigation

ILLINOIS STATE ARCHIVES


The Illinois and Michigan Canal, 1827–1911

A Selection of Documents from the Illinois State Archives


<< Previous Document  |  Document List  |  The Illinois and Michigan Canal  |  Next Document >>

DOCUMENT 39
LETTER FROM JOHN H. KINZIE TO THE CANAL TRUSTEES CONCERNING ADDITIONAL OFFICE HELP
May 19, 1852






Print Document  |  View Transcription

Explanation

The following table shows the canal's annual toll collections and operating seasons.

Year Tolls Collected Opened to Navigation Closed To Navigation Number of Days Open
1848 $ 87,890 April 19 Nov. 29 224
1849 118,375 April 20 Dec. 6 231
1850 125,504 March 22 Dec. 6 259
1851 173,300 March 15 Dec. 6 269
1852 168,577 March 29 Dec. 8 255

Of the $168,577 collected in 1852, $104,592 was taken in at Chicago. Of the remainder, Lockport received $9,060, Ottawa $8,765, and La Salle $46,160. Goods and passengers headed south from Chicago were producing the greatest revenue. When the canal opened in 1848 Chicago contained 20,023 inhabitants. By 1852 the figure had reached 38,733. The trustees were willing to pay for temporary help to get the job done but were most reluctant to increase the head count of permanent employees.

For a map of the completed canal route, see Exhibit A.

Points to Consider

What was John H. Kinzie asking the canal trustees to do?
Why was his request necessary?
Who was John H. Kinzie? Describe the man.
Why had it been particularly desirable to have found a man of integrity to be the collector at Chicago?


<< Previous Document  |  Document List  |  The Illinois and Michigan Canal  |  Next Document >>