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ILLINOIS STATE ARCHIVES


Hard Times in Illinois, 1930–1940

A Selection of Documents from the Illinois State Archives


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DOCUMENT 50
LETTER CONCERNING THE MOBILIZATION OF THE ILLINOIS NATIONAL GUARD
ca. November 13, 1940



Explanation

The National Guard Mobilization Act of 1940 authorized the president to activate guard units and incorporate them into the regular U.S. Army. Over November 25 and 26, a total of 431 men and officers making up Springfield units of the 106th cavalry regiment received medical examinations, were administered the federal oath, and signed enlistment papers. These procedures took place at the Illinois State Fairgrounds in Springfield.

The balance of the regiment's 1,200 men was headquartered at Chicago and at Urbana. They too were inducted at this time. The 106th was a mechanized cavalry regiment equipped with armored scout cars, motorcycles, and transport trucks. Once formed up they proceeded in convoy fashion down to Camp Beauregard in central Louisiana where they were to receive a year of intensive training.

Points to Consider

What was Mark S. Plaisted preparing to do?

Locate Springfield on a map.

Why was the federal government mobilizing the Illinois National Guard?

This document points towards which major event?


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