Illinois Black Law (1853) The 1853 Black Law passed in Illinois was considered the harshest of all discriminatory Black Laws passed by northern states before the Civil War.
Campbell v. People, 16 Ill. 17 (1854) Decatur Campbell, an African-American, was found guilty of murder and appealed the case to the Illinois Supreme Court. In the appeal, the Court ruled that under the law African-Americans had the same rights as whites.
First Joliet prisoner (1859) Most early inmates of Joliet prison transferred from the Alton Prison. The first inmate regularly received into Joliet Prison was George Becker of Carroll County, inmate #274.
General Order #1 from the Illinois Adjutant General (1861) Two days after the fall of Fort Sumter, Adjutant General Thomas Mather issued General Order No. 1, calling for all existing statewide infantry regiments, cavalry brigades, and artillery divisions to prepare for imminent activation into the Union army.
In re Bradwell, 55 Ill.535 (1869) Myra Bradwell was a women's rights activist and publisher from Chicago who in 1869 attempted to become the first woman in the United State to be licensed as an attorney.
Third Illinois Constitution (1870) Between 1848 and 1870, a span of only 22 years, the state and nation changed rapidly. The 1848 State Constitution was not equipped for the changes and a new Constitution was approved in 1870.
Munn v. People, 69 Ill. 80 (1873) Railroads and grain storage facilities had a monopoly in transportation and storage and charged what farmers felt were exorbitant and arbitrary fees. Attempts to regulate these industries were challenged in this historic court case.
First State Civil Rights Law (1885) The passage of the Thirteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution ending slavery and of the Fourteenth Amendment guaranteeing African-Americans citizen rights did not end discrimination. This bill sought to prevent discrimination in public places.