FOOTNOTES

  1. James Conaway, America’s Library: The Library of Congress 1800-2000, 6-7.
  2. Conaway 7-8.
  3. Conaway 8-9.
  4. Conaway 13-15, 18-21, 22-30.
  5. U.S. Department of the Interior, Public Libraries in the United States, 293; Cecil Roseberry, For The Government and People of This State, 1-2; Catherine Hickey Handy, The Connecticut State Library 1851-1936, 7, 9-11.
    Handy, 7-9, also describes state library commissions of colonial times, starting with a state library commission law in South Carolina in 1700. That commission was established to administer “a collection of books sent to the colony from England.”
  6. Public Libraries in the United States, 293.
  7. The first recorded mention of a state library for Illinois was made in 1821 and is covered later in this text.
  8. Haynes McMullen, “Libraries in the Ohio Valley Before 1850,” in Reader in American Library History, edited by Michael H. Harris, 57. Also see Michael Harris, “Books for Sale in the Illinois Frontier DeKalb County 1855-1865” in American Book Collector, 1971, 15-17; and Michael Harris, “Bookstores on the Southern Indiana Frontier 1833-1850” in American Book Collector, 1973, 30-32.
  9. McMullen in Harris, 59-60; Illinois Libraries May 1969, 359, 392.
  10. McMullen in Harris, 62; Sidney Ditzion, “Mechanics and Mercantile Libraries,” in Reader in American Library History, edited by Michael H. Harris, 72, 76-78.
  11. Mark Sorensen, “The Illinois State Library 1818-1870,” 33; Illinois Laws 1819-21, 105.
  12. Sorensen, “The Illinois State Library 1818-1870,” 33.
  13. Sorensen, “The Illinois State Library 1818-1870,” 33; Illinois Senate Journal 1822-26, 249-250.
  14. Sorensen, “The Illinois State Library 1818-1870,” 33.
  15. Sorensen, “The Illinois State Library 1818-1870,” 33-34; Illinois Senate Journal 1824, 20-21; Governors Letter-Books 1818-1834, 41, 44.
  16. Illinois Senate Journal 1824, 24; Sorensen, “The Illinois State Library 1818-1870,” 34. Robert P. Howard, in Mostly Good and Competent Men, 1st ed., 340, ranks Coles as the greatest governor in Illinois history. Howard is far from alone in his assessment of Coles’ executive ability.
  17. Illinois Libraries Dec. 1942, 281; Sorensen, “The Illinois State Library 1818-1870,” 33; Illinois Laws 1824, 24.
  18. Michael Howlett, Keepers of the Seal, 38; Illinois Libraries Dec. 1942, 281, Sorensen, “The Illinois State Library 1818-1870,” 33.
  19. The Internal Improvments Era is well-documented in state history. For more, see John Moses, Illinois Historical and Statistical; Robert P. Howard: Illinois: A History of the Prairie State; Theodore Calvin Pease, The Frontier State 1818-1848; and Thomas Ford, A History of Illinois, From its Commencement in 1818 until 1847.
  20. The Internal Improvements Era resulted in one of the spectacular failures in state history and, again, is well-documented. Howard entitles a chapter “Internal Improvements: A Fiasco,” much in the same vein as Pease, who names a chapter “The Wreck of the System.” Ford also devotes much space to the financial ruin caused by the internal improvements failure. Howard, A History of the Prairie State, 218, cites the $15 million in debt.
  21. Wayne Temple, Abraham Lincoln and Illinois’ Fifth Capitol, 17-19; Howard, History of the Prairie State, 209-210; Sorensen, “The Illinois State Library 1818-1870,” 34.
  22. Reports Made to the Senate and House of Representatives 1839, 1-4; Sorensen, “The Illinois State Library 1818-1870,” 34.
  23. Illinois Senate Journal 1838-1839, 90, 97, 163, 173, 184, 262.
  24. Report of the Supreme Court Justices of the State of Illinois, Feb. 7, 1839, in “An Act Authorizing making an appropriation for a library for the use of the Legislature and the Supreme Court.” Illinois State Archives. Also see Illinois Blue Book 1935-1936, 670.
  25. Illinois Senate Journal 1838-1839, 303; Illinois House Journal 1838-1839, 465; Illinois Laws 1839, 149; John Moses, Illinois Historical and Statistical, II-1176.
  26. Illinois Laws 1839, 149.
  27. “List of Books Bought from W.L.D. Ewing for the court.”Executive Records, Illinois State Archives; Illinois State Journal-Register, June 21, 1953.
  28. “List of Books Suitable for a Legislative Library,” Executive Records, Illinois State Archives. For examples of books that were popular in the midwestern frontier, see Michael H. Harris, “Bookstores on the Southern Indiana Frontier,” 30-33.
  29. Temple 52; Sangamo Journal June 28, 1839. Many scholars do not speak well of Carlin’s intellect. Howard, in Mostly Good and Competent Men, 1st ed., 71, offers a summary of derogatory comments about Carlin, noting other writers’ characterizations of Carlin as “honest but ignorant” and “not brilliant.” Howard goes on to write that “other writers made a point of crediting him with nonintellectual virtues.” On page 342, Howard also asserts that Carlin rates among the poorer of Illinois governors. However, it should be noted that Howard and others do not question Carlin’s personal integrity.
  30. Temple provides considerable detail on the state of the unfinished capitol building. Sorensen, “The Illinois State Library 1818-1870,” 34; letter of Lyman Trumbull to sister Julia, March 20, 1842 in Trumbull papers, Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library.
  31. Douglas’ legendary status in Illinois history is well-documented by scholars. Trumbull’s place in the history of the state is also well-covered.
  32. letter of Thomas Carlin to Samuel Lockwood, Aug. 14, 1841, in Executive Records, Illinois State Archives; Sorensen, “The Illinois State Library 1818-1870,” 34-35.
  33. Illinois Laws 1843, 290-291.
  34. Illinois Laws 1843, 290-291; Sorensen, “The Illinois State Library 1818-1870,” 35. The rules were reprinted elsewhere in State Library literature as well over the course of several decades.
  35. Mildred May Vannorsdall, The Development of Library Services at the State Level in Ohio, 2, 11, 23-23, 26, 55, 77; Larry Joe Barr, The Indiana State Library, 6, 29-32, 49-51.
  36. Louise Chase Hayes, Michigan State Library 1828-1928, 4, 8; Johnson Brigham, “Pioneer History of the Territorial and State Library of Iowa,” 482-483, 492.
  37. The 1847 report of Secretary of State Horace Cooley is one example of the amount of time the library required, page 160; Letter of Lyman Trumbell to brother David, Oct. 12, 1841, Lyman Trumbull papers, ALPLM; Illinois Reports to the General Assembly 1847, 146; Howlett 57.
  38. Illinois Reports to the General Assembly 1847, 146.
  39. Illinois Reports to the General Assembly 1847, 146; Howlett 66.
  40. Ibid.
  41. Illinois Laws 1847, 160-161.
  42. Ibid.
  43. Refer to above notes; the financial health and lack of organization of the library are aforementioned.
  44. Illinois Reports to the General Assembly 1849, 85-86.
  45. Ibid.
  46. Temple 151, 156, 168.
  47. Sorensen provides an overview of the appearance of the library in “The Illinois State Library 1818-1870,” 35-36. In addition, the room has been reconstructed to give the appearance of the library in the 1840s and 1850s.
  48. The location of the library in the reconstructed capitol of today is the same as it was in the 1840s. Temple, 244, also discusses this. Temple, 244, also notes the error in the restoration, based on the recollections of John Nicolay. Another account of the State Library as “a reclusive place” is found in the Oct. 1989 edition of Illinois Libraries, 364.
  49. Letter of Lyman Trumbull to brother David, Oct. 12, 1841; Letter of Lyman Trumbull to sister Julia, March 20, 1842. Both in Lyman Trumbull papers, ALPLM.
  50. Letter of William H.L. Wallace, Dec. 13, 1844, Wallace-Dickey papers, ALPLM. Robert Todd Lincoln (Temple, 102) and John Nicolay (Helen Nicolay, Lincoln’s Secretary, 27) both refer to the social atmosphere of the library room.
  51. Temple 102.
  52. Temple 102; Helen Nicolay, Lincoln’s Secretary, 27.
  53. Helen Nicolay, Lincoln’s Secretary, 27. One example of a Republican gathering in the Illinois State Library is on June 15, 1858, during the Illinois Republican Convention. Earl Schneck Miers, Lincoln Day by Day, I-215.
  54. Sorensen, “The Illinois State Library 1818-1870,” 37.
  55. Howlett 62; Temple 173, 392.
  56. Illinois Reports to the General Assembly 1853, 79-80.
  57. Ibid.
  58. Ibid.
  59. Amy Louise Kellerstrass, “Lincoln and Son Borrow Books,” 10-11; Sorensen, “The Illinois State Library 1818-1870,” 37; Temple 101-102; State Journal-Register Feb. 23, 1966. Hatch’s friendship with Lincoln is documented in Mark Neely, The Abraham Lincoln Encyclopedia, 140-141, as well as in Howlett and Helen Nicolay, Lincoln’s Secretary.
  60. Helen Nicolay, “The Writing of Abraham Lincoln: A History,” 263; Sorensen, “The Illinois State Library 1818-1870,” 37; Illinois State Register Oct. 6, 1854.
  61. Sorensen, “The Illinois State Library 1818-1870,” 37; Neely 313.
  62. Neely 72-73.
  63. Neely 72-73; Kellerstrass 11; Sorensen, “The Illinois State Library 1818-1870,” 37.
  64. Kellerstrass 13-16.
  65. Temple 260; Miers I-289; Neely 243.
  66. Temple 103; Illinois Libraries June 1976, 447-451.
  67. Temple 103, 336.
  68. Illinois State Journal April 21, 1865. For examples of meetings of the Lincoln Monument Association, see Chicago Tribune, Oct. 20, 1865, Jan. 4, 1868. Other groups that used the library as a meeting place included the Commission for the Illinois Soldier’s Orphan’s Home, and the State Board of Public Charities.
  69. Temple 126; Sorensen, “The Illinois State Library 1818-1870,” 36; Laws of Illinois 1853, 29; Chicago Daily Tribune, June 16, 1860.
  70. Temple 217; Laws of Illinois 1855, 173.
  71. Illinois Reports to the General Assembly 1857, 570.
  72. Laws of Illinois 1865, 9; Laws of Illinois 1867, 14.
  73. Temple 224; Newton Bateman and Paul Selby, Historical Encyclopedia of Illinois, I-204. Laws of Illinois 1857, 23; Sorensen, “The Illinois State Library 1818-1870,” 36; Illinois Reports to the General Assembly 1857, 569.
  74. The declaration that little growth was seen is based on a number of factors, including the slight pace of growth of the collection. In addition, neither Secretary devoted much prose to the library in their reports, and neither is connected by such writers as Temple or Howlett with any substantial library growth.
  75. Laws of Illinois 1867, 28.
  76. Laws of Illinois 1867, 28; Biennial Report of the Secretary of State of Illinois to the Governor, 1870, 15; Sorensen, “The Illinois State Library 1818-1870,” 36.
  77. For information on Palmer and his commitment to education and reading, see George Thomas Palmer, A Conscientious Turncoat; Howlett 83.
  78. Biennial Report 1870, 15; Howlett 82; Illinois State Journal Jan. 20, 1869.
  79. Biennial Report 1870, 15; Catalogue of the Illinois State Library 1869; Catalogue of the Illinois State Library 1870; Illinois Laws 1869, 47; Chicago Tribune Sept. 6, 1869, Jan. 15, 1870, Feb. 2, 1870; Illinois State Journal Oct. 13, 1869.
  80. Biennial Report 1870, 16; John Carroll Power, A History of Springfield, Illinois, 63.
  81. Biennial Report 1870, 15-16; Catalogue of the Illinois State Library 1869; Illinois State Journal Nov. 10, 1870, Nov. 17, 1870.
  82. Biennial Report 1870, 15-16; Catalogue of the Illinois State Library 1869; Biennial Report of the Secretary of State of Illinois to the Governor, 1872, 24.
  83. Biennial Report 1872, 26. Again, Palmer’s devotion to education is documented in A Conscientious Turncoat.
  84. Ibid.
  85. Howlett 83.
  86. Mark Sorensen,“The Illinois State Library 1870-1920,” 94.
  87. Illinois State Journal Nov. 10, 1870; 1872-73 Springfield City Directory 105; 1873-74 Springfield City Directory 154; Rummel’s Illinois Hand-Book and Legislative Manual for 1871, 1.
  88. 1880 Sangamon County Census, vol. 1, part 1, 282; Illinois Libraries Dec. 1942, 282; Biennial Report of the Secretary of State of Illinois to the Governor, 1876, 21, 31.
  89. Biennial Report of the Secretary of State of Illinois to the Governor, 1874, 31.
  90. Biennial Report 1874, 34; Illinois State Journal Jan. 14, 1876.
  91. Ibid.
  92. Ibid.
  93. Sorensen, “The Illinois State Library 1870-1920,” 94; Biennial Report 1876, 5, 21; Illinois State Journal July 23, 1875. The basement of the Capitol in the mid-1870s was different than that of today. In its early years, the grand front entrance on the east side of the building emptied into what is today’s second floor. Thus, the “basement” of the early years is actually the current first floor of the building.
  94. Biennial Report 1876, 22; Biennial Report of the Secretary of State of Illinois to the Governor, 1880, 26-29.
  95. U.S. Department of the Interior, Public Libraries in the United States, 309-311; Sorensen, “The Illinois State Library 1870-1920,” 94; Biennial Report 1876, 21. For additional information on the New York State Library, see Roseberry.
  96. Biennial Report of the Secretary of State of Illinois to the Governor, 1878, 28; Laws of Illinois 1877, 14-15.
  97. Ibid.
  98. Biennial Report 1878, 28-29.
  99. Biennial Report of the Secretary of State of Illinois to the Governor, 1880, 22, expressly states that the current governor, Cullom, and “his predecessors” all supported the funding of the State Library. In addition, many of the biennial reports to the period address that support to the corresponding governor of the time.
  100. Vannorsdall, 388, writes that the period of 1874-1896 were “years of relative stagnation” for the Ohio State Library, although that statement may be considered applicable to the standards of that library, which had shown growth and development far beyond that of the Illinois State Library. There is little question Ohio had a better-developed collection and more legislative commitment for its library than that of Illinois, as well as an actual staff. Barr 64; Hayes 11; Librarians of the Territorial and State Library of Iowa.
  101. California State Library Foundation Bulletin 68 (Spring/Summer 2000), 21-22; Public Libraries in the United States, 309-311. Roseberry’s work repeatedly describes the grandeur and great collection of the New York State Library.
  102. Public Libraries in the United States, 309-311. For more information on popular literature of the day, see Dorothy Ducker, The Ebenezer Lane Library.
  103. Public Libraries in the United States, 292-311, provides an overview of the role of state libraries during this period. Biennial Report 1880, 22; Illinois Laws 1879, 29.
  104. Biennial Report 1880, 22, 94-95; Power 63.
  105. Biennial Report 1880, 23, 32.
  106. Biennial Report 1880, 23.
  107. Biennial Report 1880, 23-24.
  108. Illinois Libraries Dec. 1942, 283; Biennial Report of the Secretary of State of Illinois to the Governor, 1884, 238.
  109. Illinois State Journal May 10, 1883.
  110. Biennial Report of the Secretary of State of Illinois to the Governor, 1886, 6-7.
  111. Ibid.
  112. Ibid.
  113. Ibid. An analysis of the biennial reports of the period shows this change.
  114. Biennial Report 1886, 8.
  115. Biennial Report 1886, 9.
  116. Sorensen, “The Illinois State Library 1870-1920,” 94; A.R. Crook, A History of the Illinois State Museum of Natural History, 12; Milton D. Thompson, The Illinois State Museum; Historical Sketch and Memoirs, 13; Illinois State Register Jan. 1, 1886.
  117. Crook 12; Thompson 13, 15-16; Illinois State Journal May 7, 1888. As a side note, Worthen was likely mourning the loss of his wife, who had died on Jan. 13, 1887, just months before the forced move of the museum. Worthen’s wife’s death, Illinois State Journal, Jan. 14, 1887.
  118. Sorensen, “The Illinois State Library 1870-1920,” 94; Chicago Tribune Oct. 20, 1887; Illinois State Journal Nov. 1, 1887.
  119. Illinois State Historical Library Trustees Report, 1890, 3.
  120. Illinois State Historical Library Trustees Report, 1894, 6; Fourth Biennial Report of the Trustees of the Illinois State Historical Library, 1896, 6,8; Sixth Biennial Report of the Trustees of the Illinois State Historical Library, 1900, 7.
  121. Sorensen, “The Illinois State Library 1870-1920,” 94; Illinois State Journal June 23, 1887, Feb. 2, 1888.
  122. Biennial Report 1890, 116; Biennial Report of the Secretary of State of Illinois to the Governor, 1892, 118; Biennial Report of the Secretary of State of Illinois to the Governor, 1896, x; Catalogue of the Illinois State Library 1894, 1.
  123. Brand Whitlock, Forty Years of It, 69; Sorensen, “The Illinois State Library 1870-1920,” 95; Illinois State Journal April 5, 1944.
  124. Biennial Report 1896, x; Illinois State Journal April 5, 1944.
  125. Biennial Report of the Secretary of State of Illinois to the Governor, 1898, 26.
  126. Biennial Report 1890, 90; Biennial Report of the Secretary of State of Illinois to the Governor, 1900, 23-24, 55.
  127. Biennial Report 1896, x; Biennial Report of the Secretary of State of Illinois to the Governor, 1904, 20-21.
  128. Biennial Report of the Secretary of State of Illinois to the Governor, 1902, 9; Illinois State Journal Dec. 2, 1902.
  129. Chicago Tribune Jan. 11, 1897, Jan. 26, 1906; Illinois State Journal Jan. 31, 1914.
  130. Each Biennial Report from the early 1890s to the early 1900s lists three or four workers. The 1912 Biennial Report, page 33, is the first to list six workers. The first report submitted by a library worker appears on pages 25-26 of the 1900 Biennial Report. Nostalgic reflections of library, Illinois State Journal, April 5, 1944.
  131. Illinois State Journal Nov. 10, 1870; Catalogue of the Illinois State Library 1871; Rummel’s Illinois Hand-Book and Legislative Manual for 1871, 1.
  132. 1874-75 Springfield City Directory 28; 1877 Springfield City Directory 14; 1879-80 Springfield City Directory 25; Biennial Report 1876, 21, 31; 1880 Sangamon County Census Vol. 1, part 1, 282.
  133. Illinois State Journal Dec. 8, 1940; Illinois Libraries Dec. 1940, 6, Dec. 1942, 283.
  134. Illinois State Journal Sept. 10, 1941, March 30, 1913; 1891-92 Springfield City Directory, 492.
  135. Biennial Report 1892, 106; 1891-92 Springfield City Directory, 323.
  136. 1891-92 Springfield City Directory, 323; 1892-93 Springfield City Directory, 438.
  137. Biennial Report 1894, 1; Biennial Report 1898, 55; Illinois Libraries March 1943, 133; Chicago Inter-Ocean Jan. 1, 1893; Chicago Tribune Sept. 14, 1895.
  138. Illinois State Journal June 14, 1924, June 17, 1955; Illinois Libraries Dec. 1942, 283, June 1977, 285; Catalogue of the Illinois State Library 1904, inside front cover; Dictionary Catalogue of the Illinois State Library 1912, inside front cover; Maude Thayer files, Lincoln Library, Springfield, Ill.
  139. Bill Erbes, A Century of Illinois Libraries in Association, 16; Biennial Report of the Secretary of State of Illinois to the Governor, 1910, 35.
  140. Illinois State Journal June 17, 1955, May 18, 1941; Illinois Libraries Dec. 1942, 284.
  141. Biennial Report 1902, 26. The 1904 catalog may be handmeasured for sizing and compared to the 1871 catalog with the naked eye to appreciate its growth.
  142. Illinois Blue Book 1903-1904, 480; Illinois Blue Book 1905-1906, 534.
  143. Ibid.
  144. Much information on Lincoln Library, the public library of Springfield, including the history of its establishment and building construction, may be found in the Sangamon Valley Collection at Lincoln Library.
  145. Illinois Laws 1871-72, 609-611; Sorensen, “The Illinois State Library 1870-1920,” 95; Katharine Sharp, Illinois Libraries, 37-38.
  146. Ibid.
  147. McMullen in Harris, 57-59; Illinois Libraries May 1969, 359, 392.
  148. Illinois Laws, 2nd General Assembly, 1820-21, 35-37; Sorensen, “The Illinois State Library 1870-1920,” 95.
  149. Illinois Laws, 3rd General Assembly, 1823, 100-102; Sorensen, “The Illinois State Library 1870-1920,” 95.
  150. Illinois Libraries Oct. 1922, 144-146; Sorensen, “The Illinois State Library 1870-1920,” 95; Sharp 13, 54.
  151. Louise Gilman Prichard, A History of the Chicago Public Library, 27; Newton Bateman and Paul Selby, ed. Historical Encyclopedia of Illinois, 335; Sorensen, “The Illinois State Library 1870-1920,” 95; Sharp 38; Illinois Libraries April 1934, 25.
  152. Bateman & Selby 335; Sorensen, “The Illinois State Library 1870-1920,” 95-96.
  153. Prichard 19-24, 29; Sorensen, “The Illinois State Library 1870-1920,” 95; Sharp 4, 174; Illinois Libraries April 1934, 25, Sept. 1968, 630.
  154. Illinois Libraries Oct. 1922, 142-143; Sorensen, “The Illinois State Library 1870-1920,” 96.
  155. Sorensen, “The Illinois State Library 1870-1920,” 96; Mary Jean Houde, The Clubwoman: A Story of the Illinois Federation of Women’s Clubs, 26-31.
  156. Houde 50-52; Sharp 68; Roseberry 71-72; John Christian Larsen, A Study in Service: The Historical Development of the Michigan State Library, 175-181, 184, 194-195, 199.
  157. Illinois Blue Book 1911-1912, 327; Sorensen, “The Illinois State Library 1870-1920,” 96; Houde 52-54; Erbes 15.
  158. Sorensen, “The Illinois State Library 1870-1920,” 96; Illinois Blue Book 1911-1912, 327-328; Houde 53.
  159. Illinois Libraries Oct. 1922, 143-144; Sharp 50; Erbes 1-6.
  160. Illinois Libraries Oct. 1922, 143, Dec. 1942, 283-284; Sharp 50-59; Erbes 9-11; Laurel Ann Grotzinger, The Power and the Dignity; Librarianship and Katharine Sharp, 225.
  161. Sorensen, “The Illinois State Library 1870-1920,” 96; Sharp 67, 69-70; Houde 53.
  162. Sorensen, “The Illinois State Library 1870-1920,” 96; Illinois Blue Book 1911-1912, 327-328; Houde 52-54; Erbes 15; Biennial Report 1910, 19, 41; Laws of Illinois 1909, 274-275.
  163. Houde 54; Sorensen, “The Illinois State Library 1870-1920,” 96; Illinois Blue Book 1911-1912, 328.
  164. Sorensen, “The Illinois State Library 1870-1920,” 96; Illinois Blue Book 1915-1916, 267; Illinois Blue Book 1917-1918, 380; Illinois Libraries April 1934, 34.
  165. Biennial Report 1910, 18; Sorensen, “The Illinois State Library 1870-1920,” 96-97; Houde 44, 54, 66.
  166. Biennial Report 1910, 18-21; Sorensen, “The Illinois State Library 1870-1920,” 97.
  167. Report of the Organizer of the Illinois Library Extension Commission September 1, 1910 to September 1, 1913, 5; Biennial Report 1910, 41; Biennial Report 1912, 38; Biennial Report 1914, 48; Sorensen, “The Illinois State Library 1870-1920,” 96; Illinois Blue Book 1911-1912, 328.
  168. Sorensen, “The Illinois State Library 1870-1920,” 97; Illinois Blue Book 1917-1918, 380; Illinois Blue Book 1919-1920, 394.
  169. Illinois Blue Book 1919-1920, 394; Fourth Biennial Report of the Illinois Library Extension Commission January 1, 1917-December 31, 1918, 13.
  170. Illinois Libraries July 1926, 31, 33; Illinois Blue Book 1917-1918, 380; Sorensen, “The Illinois State Library 1870-1920,” 97; Report of the Illinois Library Extension Commission September 1, 1913-December 31, 1914, 14; Fourth Biennial Report of the Illinois Library Extension Commission January 1, 1917-December 31, 1918, 10-11.
  171. Illinois Blue Book 1911-1912, 328; Erbes 12.
  172. Sorensen, “The Illinois State Library 1870-1920,” 97; Illinois Blue Book 1919-1920, 394; Fourth Biennial Report of the Illinois Library Extension Commission January 1, 1917-December 31, 1918, 12-13.
  173. Biennial Report 1910, 22; Biennial Report 1912, 20; Biennial Report 1914, 55.
  174. Laws of Illinois 1913, 391-92.
  175. Ibid.
  176. Biennial Report 1914, 24; Illinois Libraries Dec. 1942, 285.
  177. Biennial Report 1914, 24-25.
  178. Information on state library holdings taken from The American Library Annual 1911-1912, pages 149-181. Indiana, Iowa, Louisiana, and Nevada libraries from pages 156-157, 158, 168.
  179. The American Library Annual 1911-1912, 153-155.
  180. Biennial Report 1914, 25.
  181. Many of these accomplishments are aforementioned.
  182. Illinois State Budget 1919, 297; “Report of Thomas G. Vennum, Acting Director, Department of Public Works and Buildings, to the Centennial Building Commission of the State of Illinois. May 24, 1918,” 4; Sorensen, “The Illinois State Library 1870-1920,” 97; Mark Sorensen, “The Illinois State Library: Extension, Reorganization, and Experimentation, 1921-1955,” 131.
  183. Vennum Report 4;
  184. Vennum Report 7; Erbes 15; Sorensen, “The Illinois State Library 1870-1920,” 97; Mark Sorensen, “The Illinois State Library: Extension, Reorganization, and Experimentation, 1921-1955,” 131.
  185. Biennial Report 1896, x; New York Times Jan. 27, 1902.
  186. Sorensen, “The Illinois State Library: Extension, Reorganization, and Experimentation, 1921-1955,” 131; Laws of Illinois 1917, 66-67; Chicago Daily Tribune Aug. 29, 1913.
  187. Illinois Libraries Oct. 1989, 365; Sorensen, “The Illinois State Library: Extension, Reorganization, and Experimentation, 1921-1955,” 131. Sorensen is one of many writers who locate the site of the Ninian Wirt Edwards home.
  188. Ibid.
  189. Vennum Report 10.
  190. Vennum Report 4-6.
  191. Vennum Report 4-6; Illinois Blue Book 1917-1918, 315, 318. Jessie Palmer Weber was the daughter of Gov. John M. Palmer.
  192. Illinois Libraries Dec. 1942, 285.
  193. Laws of Illinois 1919, 736-739; Sorensen, “The Illinois State Library: Extension, Reorganization, and Experimentation, 1921-1955,” 133.
  194. Biennial Report 1922, 13-14; Biennial Report 1918, 16; Illinois Libraries Feb. 1967, 106.
  195. Biennial Report 1916, 8; Biennial Report 1918, 16; Biennial Report 1922, 13.
  196. Biennial Report 1922, 14.
  197. Laws of Illinois 1921, 837.
  198. Laws of Illinois 1921, 837-38.
  199. Illinois Libraries Nov. 1938, 2, Dec. 1940, 11, March 1981, 229; Thornton Mitchell, Norton on Archives, The Writing of Margaret Cross Norton on Archives and Records Management, xv; T.R. Schellenberg, The Management of Archives, 24; Ernst Posner, American State Archives, 30, 98, 101.
  200. Illinois State Journal March 30, 1964; Illinois Libraries April 1951, 151; April 1957, 108, March 1981, 233; Sorensen, “The Illinois State Library: Extension, Reorganization, and Experimentation, 1921-1955,” 131.
  201. Margaret Cross Norton interview for Oral History Office, University of Illinois – Springfield, 2. After leaving the State Library, Eva May Fowler was a librarian at the public library in Peru, Indiana.
  202. 1923 State Budget, 246; 1921 State Budget, 347; Sorensen, “The Illinois State Library: Extension, Reorganization, and Experimentation, 1921-1955,” 132; Biennial Report of the Secretary of State of Illinois to the Governor, 1924, 12-13.
  203. Biennial Report 1924, 13; Illinois Blue Book 1923-1924, 460, 462.
  204. State Journal-Register Dec. 16, 1995.
  205. Biennial Report 1924, 13; Sorensen, “The Illinois State Library: Extension, Reorganization, and Experimentation, 1921-1955,” 132; Illinois Blue Book 1923-1924, 460-461.
  206. Biennial Report 1924, 13; Illinois Blue Book 1923-1924, 460-461.
  207. Biennial Report 1924, 13; Illinois Blue Book 1923-1924, 461.
  208. Biennial Report 1924, 11-12; Illinois Blue Book 1923-1924, 462.
  209. Norton interview, 4-5.
  210. Illinois Libraries Nov. 1966, 767, March 1981, 231; Posner 98; Norton interview, 5.
  211. Biennial Report 1924, 13.
  212. Biennial Report of the Secretary of State of Illinois to the Governor, 1926, 12.
  213. Biennial Report 1926, 14; Illinois Libraries Feb. 1967, 106.
  214. Biennial Report 1926, 15; Biennial Report of the Secretary of State of Illinois to the Governor, 1928, 16. The number of visits is reflected in Price’s submissions to the Biennial Reports.
  215. Biennial Report of the Secretary of State of Illinois to the Governor, 1930, 15; Report of the Library Extension Division for January 1, 1928 to December 31, 1929, 10.
  216. Biennial Report 1928, 10, 12.
  217. Illinois Blue Book 1927-1928, 438.
  218. Biennial Report 1928, 12-13; Biennial Report 1930, 13; Illinois Libraries July 1929, 87.
  219. Biennial Report 1924, 6; Biennial Report 1930, 7-8. Staff numbers in the 1920s and 1930s may be found in the appendices of A Survey of the Illinois State Library, chaired by Harold Brigham.
  220. Biennial Report 1930, 13-14.
  221. Ibid.
  222. Biennial Report 1930, 14; Sorensen, “The Illinois State Library: Extension, Reorganization, and Experimentation, 1921-1955,” 132.
  223. Biennial Report 1930, 14.
  224. Biennial Report 1930, 20.
  225. Ibid.
  226. Ibid.
  227. Biennial Report of the Secretary of State of Illinois to the Governor, 1934, 18.
  228. Biennial Report 1934, 18; Illinois Blue Book 1933-1934, 619.
  229. Illinois Libraries Jan. 1926, 6, July 1926, 32-33.
  230. Illinois Libraries July 1926, 32-33.
  231. Illinois Libraries April 1929, 49, July 1930, 77.
  232. Sorensen, “The Illinois State Library: Extension, Reorganization, and Experimentation, 1921-1955,” 131.
  233. Sorensen, “The Illinois State Library: Extension, Reorganization, and Experimentation, 1921-1955,” 133; Illinois Libraries Jan. 1926, 6-7.
  234. Illinois Libraries Jan. 1926, 6.
  235. Illinois Blue Book 1933-1934, 622, 625; Illinois Libraries April 1935, 75; Sorensen, “The Illinois State Library: Extension, Reorganization, and Experimentation, 1921-1955,” 133-134.
  236. Illinois Libraries, April 1935, 83, 85, 88.
  237. Biennial Report of the Secretary of State of Illinois to the Governor, 1932, 15.
  238. Ibid.
  239. Illinois Blue Book 1933-1934, 623.
  240. Examples of the increase in Price’s efforts may be found in: Biennial Report 1930, 16-17; Biennial Report 1932, 15, 17-19; Biennial Report 1934, 22; Report of the Illinois State Library Extension Division January 1, 1930 to December 31, 1931, 21-23; Report of the Illinois State Library Extension Division January 1, 1932 to December 31, 1933, 13. There are numerous photographs of the Illinois State Library exhibits at the Illinois State Fair in possession of the ISL.
  241. Biennial Report 1934, 23; Biennial Report 1932, 18-19; Biennial Report 1930, 15.
  242. Sorensen, “The Illinois State Library: Extension, Reorganization, and Experimentation, 1921-1955,” 134; Illinois Libraries April 1936, 128-129.
  243. Sorensen, “The Illinois State Library: Extension, Reorganization, and Experimentation, 1921-1955,” 134; A Survey of the Illinois State Library, chaired by Harold Brigham, Appendix B, page 4-5.
  244. Report of the Library Extension Division from January 1, 1932 to December 31, 1933, 14-15; Biennial Report 1934, 22; Illinois Libraries April 1934, 32-33; Putnam County Record Dec. 22, 1932.
  245. Report of the Library Extension Division from January 1, 1932 to December 31, 1933, 14-15; Illinois Libraries April 1934, 32-33.
  246. Illinois Libraries Jan. 1935, 4-5, July 1935, 109, Oct. 1954, 281; Biennial Report 1934, 22; Sorenson, “The Illinois State Library: Extension, Reorganization, and Experimentation, 1921-1955,” 135.
  247. Illinois Libraries Jan. 1935, 4.
  248. Illinois Libraries Jan. 1935, 4-5, April 1935, 35.
  249. Biennial Report 1932, 22.
  250. Illinois Libraries Oct. 1936, 235.
  251. Sorensen, “The Illinois State Library: Extension, Reorganization, and Experimentation, 1921-1955,” 134; Chicago Daily News July 9, 1935; Photographs and Scrapbooks of the Illinois State Library, Illinois State Archives.
  252. Biennial Report of the Illinois State Library 1936-1938; 5; Sorensen, “The Illinois State Library: Extension, Reorganization, and Experimentation, 1921-1955,” 134; Journal of the Illinois House of Representatives 1935, 1049, 1629; Illinois Libraries Oct. 1934, 144, 152-154.
  253. Illinois Libraries July 1935, 94-95; Sorensen, “The Illinois State Library: Extension, Reorganization, and Experimentation, 1921-1955,” 134; Laws of Illinois 1935, 183-84. Howard, in Mostly Good and Competent Men, 1st ed., includes a photo of Governor Horner with his Lincoln collection.
  254. Illinois Blue Book 1935-1936, 695-697; Illinois Libraries Jan. 1936, 70, Oct. 1936, 253; Vienna Times December 26, 1935; Golconda Herald March 5, 1936; Library Service in Illinois, 31; Biennial Report 1936-1938, 5.
  255. Sorensen, “The Illinois State Library: Extension, Reorganization, and Experimentation, 1921-1955,”135; Illinois Libraries Jan. 1936, 70-71, Oct. 1936, 235, 253-254; Illinois Blue Book 1935-1936, 695-697.
  256. Illinois Libraries Oct. 1936, 236, 257.
  257. Illinois Libraries Oct. 1936, 254-258; Sorensen, “The Illinois State Library: Extension, Reorganization, and Experimentation, 1921-1955,”135.
  258. Illinois Libraries Oct. 1936, 254-257; Biennial Report 1936-1938, 6, 8-9.
  259. Norton Interview 6; Illinois State Library Director’s Administrative Files, Illinois State Archives; Illinois Blue Book 1937-1938, 282.
  260. Norton Interview 6; Ralph E. McCoy Memoirs, 2-3; Anna May Price files, University of Illinois archives.
  261. Ralph E. McCoy Memoirs, 1-2.
  262. Illinois Blue Book 1935-1936, 698-699; Sorensen, “The Illinois State Library: Extension, Reorganization, and Experimentation, 1921-1955,”135; Report of the National Youth Administration of Illinois Library Project, 1-3.
  263. Report of the NYA of Illinois Library Project, 2-3, 8; Illinois Libraries March 1941, 8; April 1941, 18.
  264. Report of the NYA of Illinois Library Project, 19, 29, 35.
  265. Biennial Report of the Secretary of State of Illinois to the Governor, 1936, 15-16, 30.
  266. Sorensen, “The Illinois State Library: Extension, Reorganization, and Experimentation, 1921-1955,” 135; Report of the NYA of Illinois Library Project, 12; Biennial Report 1936-1938, 14-15.
  267. Report of the NYA of Illinois Library Project, 14-15; Illinois Libraries Jan. 1940, 10-11.
  268. Report of the NYA of Illinois Library Project, 14; Illinois Libraries Jan. 1940, 11, 13.
  269. Illinois Libraries Jan. 1940, 10, 12.
  270. Sorensen, “The Illinois State Library: Extension, Reorganization, and Experimentation, 1921-1955,”135; Biennial Report 1936, 22.
  271. Illinois Blue Book 1935-1936, 693-694; Biennial Report 1936, 22; Works Progress Administration Files, Illinois State Archives.
  272. Illinois Blue Book 1935-1936, 693-694; Biennial Report 1936, 23; Works Progress Administration Files, Illinois State Archives.
  273. Sorensen, “The Illinois State Library: Extension, Reorganization, and Experimentation, 1921-1955,”134-135; Illinois Libraries Dec. 1938, 22; Statistics of the Illinois State Library 1936-1956; Extension Services WPA Files, Illinois State Archives.
  274. Ralph E. McCoy Memoirs, 10.
  275. Sorensen, “The Illinois State Library: Extension, Reorganization, and Experimentation, 1921-1955,” 135; Illinois Libraries June 1943, 220-221.
  276. Norton Interview, 7; Biennial Report 1936, 24.
  277. Melinda Fish Kwedar, Unsung Heroines: A Salute to Springfield Women, 20; Biennial Report 1930, 20; Biennial Report 1932, 22-23; Biennial Report 1934, 26-27; Illinois Blue Book 1937-1938, 290.
  278. Mitchell xviii; Biennial Report 1934, 26; Norton Interview 6; Illinois Blue Book 1937-1938, 290; www.sos.state.il.us/departments/archives/about.html.
  279. Kwedar 20; Biennial Report 1934, 27; Illinois Blue Book 1937-1938, 290; Howlett 127; www.sos.state.il.us/departments/archives/about.html; Illinois Libraries Nov. 1966, 768-769, March 1981, 234; Victor Gondos, Reader for Archives and Records Center Buildings, 21-22.
  280. Biennial Report 1936, 26; Illinois Blue Book 1937-1938, 290-291; Mitchell xviii; Illinois Libraries Nov. 1966, 767, 769, March 1981, 234; Gondos 22; Posner 2.
  281. Ralph E. McCoy Memoirs, 5-6.
  282. Illinois Libraries Nov. 1966, 769; Gondos 26.
  283. Illinois Blue Book 1937-1938, 299, 301; Gondos 28, 30.
  284. Illinois Libraries June 1947, 251. The articles of Margaret Cross Norton may be found in numerous issues of Illinois Libraries as well as other professional journals. Two compilations of her articles have been published in book form.
  285. Biennial Report 1936, 18-19.
  286. Biennial Report 1936, 19.
  287. Biennial Report 1936, 20.
  288. The laggard progress of the Illinois State Library in relation to other libraries is aforementioned and may be found in the yearly issues of the American Library Directory during the period. American Library Directory 1935, 31, 106, 118, 194; Biennial Report 1936, 20; “California State Library Chronology,” California State Library Bulletin (Spring/ Summer 2000); 35.
  289. American Library Directory 1935, 167, 261, 343; Biennial Report 1936, 20.
  290. Laws of Illinois 1939, 697-98.
  291. Ibid.
  292. Laws of Illinois 1939, 698.
  293. Sorensen, “The Illinois State Library: Extension, Reorganization, and Experimentation, 1921-1955,” 136; Laws of Illinois 1939, 697-698.
  294. Statistics of the Illinois State Library 1936-1956.
  295. Ibid.
  296. Ibid.
  297. Statistics of the Illinois State Library 1936-1956; Illinois Libraries June 1942, 124.
  298. The State Library issued numerous bibliographies and reading lists, some in book form and others in the pages of Illinois Libraries. Statistics of the Illinois State Library 1936-1956.
  299. Illinois Libraries Sept. 1946, 345; A Survey of the Illinois State Library, Appendix B, graphs.
  300. Ralph E. McCoy Memoirs, 8.
  301. Illinois Blue Book 1941-1942, 394-395.
  302. Illinois Blue Book 1941-1942, 395-396; Illinois Libraries Dec. 1938, 31-32.
  303. Illinois Library Service Study, Illinois State Archives.
  304. Ibid.
  305. Ibid.
  306. Sorensen, “The Illinois State Library: Extension, Reorganization, and Experimentation, 1921-1955,”133.
  307. Descriptions of the 1940 bookmobile may be found in newspapers statewide, thanks to an aggressive publicity campaign by the State Library. Examples include the Benton Standard, Oct. 24, 1940; Cairo Citizen, Nov. 4, 1940; White Hall Register Tribune Nov. 8, 1940; and Galva News Oct. 24, 1940.
  308. National Youth Association Files, Illinois State Archives; Decatur Herald, Dec. 2, 1940; Mattoon Journal Gazette, Nov. 27, 1940; Minutes of the Illinois State Library Advisory Committee, June 7, 1940.
  309. Many Illinois newspapers ran articles on the bookmobile tour, as aforementioned. Another fine example is the Nov. 7, 1940 edition of the Vandalia Union. Also see Illinois Libraries, Nov. 1940, 26.
  310. A ten-page article celebrating the hundred-year anniversary of the Illinois State Library is found on pages 281-290 of the Dec. 1942 issue of Illinois Libraries.
  311. Sorensen, “The Illinois State Library: Extension, Reorganization, and Experimentation, 1921-1955,” 137.
  312. Sorensen, “The Illinois State Library: Extension, Reorganization, and Experimentation, 1921-1955,” 136; Illinois Blue Book 1941-1942, 537. As with the 1940 bookmobile, the Illinois State Library aggressively promoted the defense-themed additions to its collections, and the library’s press releases were picked up by many newspapers statewide. Examples include Pana Palladium Oct. 3, 1940; Wood River Journal Oct. 3, 1940; Windsor Gazette Oct. 3, 1940.
  313. Illinois Blue Book 1943-1944, 640-641; Illinois Libraries Dec. 1942, 291.
  314. Illinois Libraries Dec. 1942, 291.
  315. Illinois Blue Book 1943-1944, 640.
  316. Sorensen, “The Illinois State Library: Extension, Reorganization, and Experimentation, 1921-1955,” 136; Illinois Libraries Nov. 1941, 8-9, Dec. 1942, 291; Illinois Blue Book 1941-1942, 537;
  317. Sorensen, “The Illinois State Library: Extension, Reorganization, and Experimentation, 1921-1955,” 136; Illinois Libraries Feb. 1942, 3-4, June 1942, 125, Sept. 1942, 192, Dec. 1942, 291, Jan. 1943, 19.
  318. Illinois Libraries Feb. 1942, 3-4, Sept. 1942, 192, Dec. 1942, 291, Jan. 1943, 19; Illinois State Journal Oct. 26, 1942.
  319. Illinois Blue Book 1943-1944, 643; Illinois Libraries Feb. 1942, 3-4, March 1942, 35, Jan. 1943, 19.
  320. Illinois Blue Book 1943-1944, 643; Illinois Libraries Sept. 1942, 191, Jan. 1943, 17; Illinois State Journal Oct. 26, 1942.
  321. Illinois Libraries Dec. 1942, 291-292.
  322. Ralph McCoy Memoirs, 12-13; Illinois Libraries Jan. 1943, 18-19.
  323. Illinois Libraries Jan. 1943, 18; Charleston Times Courier, Jan. 21, 1942.
  324. Illinois Libraries Feb. 1942, 82, June 1942, 99-116, Sept. 1942, 193-194, Feb. 1945, 105, June 1945, 318-319. In his memoirs, Ralph McCoy, the director of the Victory Book Campaign, lamented that only a third of the approximately three million books collected “were suitable for army libraries.” Another million, wrote McCoy, “were books worth saving for use in other institutions, but unsuitable for soldiers,” while the “remaining million books were fit only for scrap.”
  325. Illinois Libraries Oct. 1943, 331; Illinois State Journal April 6, 1944.
  326. Illinois Libraries Nov. 1946, 454, June 1947, 284, 293.
  327. Illinois Libraries June 1945, 332-333.
  328. Illinois Libraries June 1945, 332.
  329. Illinois Libraries June 1945, 333, June 1947, 285.
  330. Staff Manuals of the Illinois State Library, Illinois State Archives; Carroll C. Hall, “Get Acquainted with Your State Library,” 33.
  331. Illinois Libraries June 1947, 285.
  332. Illinois Libraries June 1944, 192.
  333. Illinois Libraries June 1944, 192-193.
  334. The extension efforts of state libraries around the nation are many and well-documented. Illinois Libraries occasionally included brief descriptions of the efforts of other states to enhance library extension.
  335. Illinois Libraries Jan. 1958, 22-23; Dollars and Sense, published by Secretary of State Edward Barrett in 1946.
  336. Margaret Bird, “History of the Demonstration Program of the Illinois State Library,” 11-12; Illinois Libraries Dec. 2005, 10; Dollars and Sense.
  337. Ibid.
  338. Bird 17; Illinois Libraries Dec. 2005, 10.
  339. Bird 22-23.
  340. Bird 24-26.
  341. Bird 25-26.
  342. Bird 27.
  343. Bird 29-30.
  344. Bird 30, Illinois Libraries Jan. 1946, 143-144, June 1947, 264-266.
  345. Bird 30, Illinois Libraries Jan. 1946, 143-144; June 1947, 267-270.
  346. Bird 32, 33, 40.
  347. Bird 33-34; Illinois Libraries, Jan. 1946, 277-278.
  348. Bird 35, 37, 42.
  349. Bird 35.
  350. Bird 32, 43, 46, 49.
  351. Bird 36-37, 41, 43-44; Illinois Libraries Jan. 1946, 143-144, June 1947, 261; Sorensen, “The Illinois State Library: Extension, Reorganization, and Experimentation, 1921-1955,”137.
  352. Illinois Libraries June 1947, 261, 268; Bird 36, 38-39; Illinois Blue Book 1943-1944, 646.
  353. Illinois Libraries Oct. 1946, 428, June 1947, 270; Bird 38-39; Planning for Library Service in Illinois, 1943 -.
  354. Illinois Libraries April 1950, 234, June 1951, 244; Bird 39.
  355. Bird 41, 43; Illinois Libraries June 1947, 265, 311; Planning for Library Service in Illinois, 1943 -.
  356. News of the demonstration program was included in many Illinois newspapers. A number of photos relating to the demonstration were included in Illinois Libraries, as well as other State Library publicity efforts.
  357. Sorensen, “The Illinois State Library: Extension, Reorganization, and Experimentation, 1921-1955,” 137; Bird 40-43, 49; A Survey of the Illinois State Library, Appendix B, page 8.
  358. Bird 41, 49.
  359. The troubles that the National Youth Administration experienced with its bookmobiles are aforementioned.
  360. Bird 46-47; Illinois Libraries June 1946, 278.
  361. Illinois Libraries May 1947, 199-200; Bird 46-47. The reasons for the departues of Extension Department Supervisors were varying. Anna May Price resigned in 1936; Hallie Warner of Jacksonville took over on an interim basis. Charlotte Ryan, who served from January 1938 – December 1944, left to care for her ailing mother in San Antonio and ultimately never returned. Ida Faye Wright, a retired Evanston public librarian, filled the position from January 1946 – April 1946, but was in the later stages of a long and illustrious career; it is not likely she would have been considered a long-term replacement. Dorothy Hiatt of Jacksonville then filled the position until the hiring of Marion James in the spring of 1947. James only served for a year before the hiring of Laura Langston, who remained as chief for 15 years.
  362. Bird 46-47.
  363. A Survey of the Illinois State Library, 24.
  364. Bird 45, 47-48.
  365. Bird 72; Illinois Libraries Nov. 1947, 390.
  366. Bird 51-52; A Survey of the Illinois State Library, 35, 37.
  367. Bird 51-54; Planning for Library Service in Illinois, 1943 – .
  368. Bird 53-56; Planning for Library Service in Illinois, 1943 – .
  369. Bird 55-56.
  370. Bird 56-63, 66.
  371. Bird 65-66, Illinois Libraries Jan. 1951, 70, June 1951, 245, Sept. 1951, 291, 328, March 1953, 121.
  372. A Survey of the Illinois State Library, 6.
  373. A Survey of the Illinois State Library, 6-7.
  374. Chicago Tribune April 18, 1947, May 16, 1947; Illinois Libraries May 1947, 206-208.
  375. Illinois Libraries Jan. 1944, 47-61; Minutes of the Illinois State Library Advisory Committee, Nov. 12, 1948.
  376. Illinois State Journal March 18, 1941; Illinois State Register April 2, 1949.
  377. A Survey of the Illinois State Library, iii.
  378. A Survey of the Illinois State Library, iii-v.
  379. A Survey of the Illinois State Library, 65-66.
  380. A Survey of the Illinois State Library, 59, 63.
  381. A Survey of the Illinois State Library, 9-10.
  382. A Survey of the Illinois State Library, 11-12, 37-38.
  383. A Survey of the Illinois State Library, 18, 23-25.
  384. A Survey of the Illinois State Library, 18, 23.
  385. A Survey of the Illinois State Library, 11-12, 25.
  386. A Survey of the Illinois State Library, 17-18, 25.
  387. A Survey of the Illinois State Library, 47-48, 51.
  388. A Survey of the Illinois State Library, 19-20.
  389. Illinois Libraries Feb. 1951, 93, Sept. 1952, 315.
  390. Illinois Libraries Feb. 1951, 74, 81, Dec. 1951, 449-450, Sept. 1952, 315, Feb. 1967, 108; Illinois Blue Book 1953-1954, 399.
  391. Illinois Libraries June 1952, 220-221, Feb. 1967, 110, 112.
  392. Illinois Blue Book 1953-1954, 399; Illinois Libraries Nov. 1952, 381-382, Feb. 1967, 112.
  393. Statistics of the Illinois State Library 1936-1956; Illinois Libraries Sept. 1952, 315.
  394. Statistics of the Illinois State Library 1936-1956; Illinois Libraries June 1952, 219, Jan. 1953, 27; Illinois State Library Director’s Files, Illinois State Archives.
  395. Illinois Libraries June 1952, 219.
  396. Illinois Libraries Jan. 1953, 27.
  397. Statistics of the Illinois State Library 1936-1956; Illinois Libraries Feb. 1951, 93, Jan. 1953, 41;
  398. Illinois Libraries Dec. 1948, 515-516.
  399. Illinois Libraries Dec. 1948, 516.
  400. Illinois Libraries Feb. 1951, 93, Dec. 1951, 439, Jan. 1953, 24.
  401. A Survey of the Illinois State Library, 72-73.
  402. Illinois Libraries Feb. 1951, 78-79, June 1952, 220.
  403. Illinois Libraries June 1952, 220.
  404. Illinois Libraries Feb. 1952, 63-64.
  405. Illinois Libraries Feb. 1952, 64.
  406. Illinois Libraries Dec. 1948, 517, Jan. 1953, 4; Laws of Illinois 1951, 2102-2103.
  407. The departmental breakdown of the Archives Division may be found in the flowcharts of State Library breakdown, including on page 3 of the Jan. 1953 issue of Illinois Libraries. Virtually all reports of the library show that the archives was the least-used section of the institution. Norton’s articles may be found in countless issues of Illinois Libraries.
  408. Management hierarchy is given in many issues of Illinois Libraries, sometimes on the inside front cover. Appointment of Technical Services chief, Illinois Libraries Jan. 1953, 32.
  409. Illinois Libraries Jan. 1951, 70, April 1951, 151-152, May 1951, 236, Jan. 1953, 23. Mary Egan’s name appeared in Illinois Libraries as “acting” unit head of General Reference in monthly issues of Illinois Libraries until June 1952.
  410. Illinois Libraries Jan. 1953, 31.
  411. Illinois Blue Book 1953-1954, 402; Illinois Libraries Dec. 1952, 456-457; Statistics of the Illinois State Library 1936-1956.
  412. Statistics of the Illinois State Library 1936-1956.
  413. Illinois Libraries June 1950, 434, Feb. 1952, 61, Oct. 1952, 325-338; Illinois Blue Book 1953-1954, 402.
  414. Illinois Libraries April 1953, 145-146, Sept. 1953, 290, Oct. 1953, 359, March 1955, 66-67; Sorensen, “The Illinois State Library: Extension, Reorganization, and Experimentation, 1921-1955,” 137; Gretchen Schenk, A Survey of Extension Activities of the Illinois State Library, 8.
  415. Schenk 8-10; Illinois Libraries May 1955, 129, Jan. 1959, 33.
  416. Sorenson, “The Illinois State Library: Extension, Reorganization, and Experimentation, 1921-1955,” 137-138; Illinois Libraries Sept.1955, 227-238.
  417. Moline Dispatch Dec. 16, 1953, Dec. 17, 1953; Olney Daily Mail Dec. 17, 1953, Dec. 18, 1953; Chicago Tribune Dec. 18, 1953; Minutes of the Illinois State Library Advisory Committee, Dec. 11, 1953, 5-7.
  418. Moline Dispatch Dec. 17, 1953; Illinois State Journal Dec. 17, 1953; Chicago Tribune Dec. 18, 1953; Christian Science Monitor Dec. 19, 1953; New York Times Dec. 18, 1953; Minutes of the Illinois State Library Advisory Committee, Dec. 11, 1953, 5-7.
  419. Moline Dispatch Dec. 17, 1953; Olney Daily Mail Dec. 18, 1953; Illinois Libraries Jan. 1954, 49; Howlett 143-144.
  420. Illinois Libraries Jan. 1954, 49; Illinois State Register Jan. 6, 1954; Chicago Tribune Dec. 18, 1954; New York Times Jan. 6, 1954.
  421. Minutes of the Illinois State Library Advisory Committee, Dec. 11, 1953, 8-9.
  422. Minutes of the Illinois State Library Advisory Committee, Dec. 11, 1953, 8-9; Howlett 143.
  423. Moline Dispatch Dec. 17, 1953, Dec. 21, 1953; Hartford Courant Dec. 18, 1953; Chicago Tribune Dec. 18, 1953. While The Wonderful Story of How You Were Born was widely reported to be among the banned books, the Girl Scouts of the U.S.A. disputed the notion that the book had been endorsed by their organization. Letters in the Illinois State Library Director’s Files at the Illinois State Archives from the organization to Helene Rogers request an investigation into how reports of the endorsement got started and further request a correction on the matter. Rogers replied that the library had nothing to do with the start of the rumor. This apparently satisfied the Girl Scouts of the U.S.A., who cheerfully replied with thanks to Rogers for her efforts.
  424. Moline Dispatch Dec. 16, 1953, Dec. 17, 1953; New York Times Jan. 6, 1954; Chicago Tribune Dec. 18, 1953; Illinois Libraries Jan.1954, 49.
  425. Minutes of the Illinois State Library Advisory Committee, Dec. 11, 1953, 12-18.
  426. Moline Dispatch Dec. 16, 1953.
  427. Christian Science Monitor Dec. 19, 1953; Hartford Courant Dec. 18, 1953; Moline Dispatch Dec. 17, 1953; Chicago Tribune Dec. 18, 1953; New York Times Dec. 18, 1953.
  428. Illinois State Register Dec. 17, 1953; Illinois State Journal Dec. 18, 1953; Moline Dispatch Dec. 17, 1953.
  429. Coverage of the story may be found in any of the papers mentioned in this paragraph; many are cited elsewhere in this section. Illinois Libraries, Jan. 1954, p. 49, offers a summary of the words used by newspaper accounts of the controversy. Most major daily newspapers in Illinois provided coverage of the controversy.
  430. As aforementioned, many papers provided editorials or commentary on the controversy. Hartford Courant, Jan. 25, 1954; New York Times, Jan. 4, 1954; Chicago Daily News, Jan. 7, 1954.
  431. Moline Dispatch Dec. 16, 1953, Dec. 17, 1953; New York Times Jan. 6, 1954.
  432. Moline Dispatch Dec. 17, 1953; Illinois State Journal Dec. 18, 1953; Illinois State Register Dec. 18, 1953.
  433. Both the nature of Rogers’ character, and the intensity of the book-banning debate in America, are aforementioned.
  434. Moline Dispatch Dec. 16, 1953; “Banned Again,” The Nation June 1, 1950; M. Josephy, “Battle of the Books,” The Nation June 28, 1952; Richard Layman, ed. American Decades 1950-59, 133; Illinois Libraries May 1966, 373; Paul Blanshard, The Right to Read, 82-83, 100.
  435. Moline Dispatch Dec. 23, 1953; Chicago Tribune Dec. 18, 1953. The Dec. 16, 1953 edition of the Moline Dispatch also reported that Rogers “refused to discuss the state-wide action,” implying that she was, in fact, available for comment. Most other sources reported that she was out of the office due to an illness in her family. Similarly, the Dec. 17, 1953 edition of the Illinois State Register reported that Carpentier’s public-relations staff “had been unable to reach” Rogers “to secure a list of the banned books.” The article does not offer a reason as to the failure to reach Rogers.
  436. A Survey of the Illinois State Library, 6-7; Illinois State Journal May 16, 1947.
  437. Carpentier’s photo appeared in, or on the cover of, many issues of Illinois Libraries after he took office in early 1953. The only Republican to hold the office of Secretary of State between 1933 and 1953 was Richard Yates Rowe, who served out the remaining six months of Edward Hughes’ term after the latter’s death on June 28, 1944. Rowe was a grandnephew to the elder Gov. Richard Yates (1861-65) and a cousin to the younger Gov. Richard Yates (1901-05). All three men were from Jacksonville. Rogers certainly enjoyed a quick ascent at the library under Democratic rule, rising from the Evanston Public Library to administrator of the Library Relief Fund to Superintendent of Divisions at the Illinois State Library. Whatever her political party affiliation, there is little doubt that she expanded the power of the highestranking State Library employee as never before. She ultimately served for most of Hughes’ term as well as the entire eight-year run of Edward Barrett in the office. It must also be remembered that Carpentier’s 1947 introduction of the bill to create a five-member library board was done with the blessing of the Illinois Library Association, who wanted to reduce Rogers’ power. Similarly, it may be inferred that Rogers became a convenient scapegoat for Carpentier, based on his public blaming of her for the book banning controversy.
  438. Illinois State Register Jan. 6, 1954; Illinois State Journal Jan. 5, 1954, Jan. 6, 1954; Chicago Tribune Jan. 6, 1954.
  439. Illinois State Register Jan. 6, 1954; Illinois State Journal Jan. 6, 1954; New York Times Jan. 6, 1954; Washington Post Feb. 5, 1954.
  440. Illinois State Journal Jan. 6, 1954, Feb. 5, 1954; Washington Post Feb. 5, 1954.
  441. Washington Post Feb. 5, 1954; Chicago Tribune Feb. 4, 1954; Illinois State Journal Feb. 5, 1954.
  442. Illinois State Journal Feb. 6, 1954; Blanshard 197.
  443. Illinois Libraries Feb. 1954, 63; Illinois State Journal Feb. 6, 1954.
  444. Minutes of the Illinois State Library Advisory Committee, Jan. 29, 1954.
  445. Illinois Libraries May 1954, 205; Minutes of the Illinois State Library Advisory Committee, March 25, 1954, May 3, 1956.
  446. The Sept. 1954 issue of Illinois Libraries is the first to list de Lafayette Reid as “Acting Assistant State Librarian.” None of the 1955 issues of Illinois Libraries list a Public Services Section Chief; Colin Lucas was first listed in that role in the June 1956 edition.
  447. Schenk 19; Illinois Libraries Oct. 1956, 250; Illinois State Journal Sept. 26, 1956.
  448. Norton interview 6; Minutes of the Illinois State Library Advisory Committee, Sept. 22, 1956; Ralph McCoy Memoirs, 16-17.
  449. Survey of Extension Activities of the Illinois State Library, 1-2.
  450. Survey of Extension Activities of the Illinois State Library, 1-3, 18; Minutes of the Illinois State Library Advisory Committee, May 14, 1955, May 3, 1956.
  451. Survey of Extension Activities of the Illinois State Library, 5-6.
  452. Survey of Extension Activities of the Illinois State Library, 6, 8-10.
  453. Survey of Extension Activities of the Illinois State Library, 17.
  454. Survey of Extension Activities of the Illinois State Library, 17,;Illinois Libraries Sept. 1956, 216.
  455. Survey of Extension Activities of the Illinois State Library, 12-13.
  456. Survey of Extension Activities of the Illinois State Library, 15.
  457. Survey of Extension Activities of the Illinois State Library, 4-5.
  458. Survey of Extension Activities of the Illinois State Library, 19-20; Illinois Libraries Jan. 1958, 5.
  459. Survey of Extension Activities of the Illinois State Library, 16; Illinois Libraries Oct. 1957, 296.
  460. Illinois Libraries Dec. 1956, 291-295.
  461. Illinois Blue Book 1955-1956, 489.
  462. Illinois Libraries Jan. 1957, 11; Illinois Blue Book 1955-1956, 491.
  463. Illinois Libraries Sept. 1956, 206-207.
  464. Illinois Libraries Jan. 1955, 21, Sept. 1956, 206-207.
  465. Illinois Libraries Sept. 1956, 204, June 1980, 514.
  466. Illinois Libraries Sept. 1956, 208-211, June 1980, 514.
  467. Illinois Libraries Sept. 1956, 210-211, June 1980, 518.
  468. Illinois Libraries June 1957, 196, June 1980, 514; Illinois Blue Book 1957-1958, 523.
  469. Illinois Libraries Sept. 1956, 207, June 1980, 514.
  470. Illinois Libraries Sept. 1956, 209, 250. Reid’s article in that month’s edition was the first of many that he would write in Illinois Libraries to explain the Library Services Act.
  471. Illinois Libraries June 1957, 167, June 1980, 515.
  472. Illinois Libraries June 1957, 165, June 1980, 517.
  473. Illinois Libraries June 1980, 516.
  474. Illinois Libraries June 1957, 173, Sept. 1959, 508-509, June 1980, 523-524.
  475. Illinois Libraries June 1957, 173, Sept. 1959, 508-509, Sept. 1963, 405, June 1980, 523-524.
  476. Illinois Libraries June 1980, 524, June 1958, 526, Sept. 1959, 502-03, Sept. 1963, 407.
  477. Illinois Libraries June 1980, 524, June 1958, 525-526, Sept. 1959, 503-04, Sept. 1963, 407.
  478. Illinois Libraries June 1980, 524, June 1958, 525-526, Sept. 1959, 503-04.
  479. Illinois Libraries June 1980, 524, June 1958, 526, Sept. 1959, 501-02, Sept. 1963, 406-407.
  480. Illinois Libraries June 1980, 531; Illinois State Library Director’s Administrative Files.
  481. Illinois Libraries March 1958, 230-232, June 1980, 531; Ralph McCoy Memoirs, 20.
  482. Ibid.
  483. Illinois Libraries Sept. 1959, 507-508, June 1980, 531.
  484. Illinois Libraries Sept. 1959, 506-507, June 1980, 531-32.
  485. Illinois Libraries Feb. 1961, 188, Jan. 1963, 38, June 1980, 532.
  486. Illinois Libraries Jan. 1961, 69, June 1980, 519.
  487. Illinois Libraries June 1958, 526, June 1980, 518.
  488. Illinois Libraries June 1980, 518.
  489. Illinois Libraries Nov. 1957, 371, June 1980, 523, 526, 528.
  490. Illinois Libraries Jan. 1957, 13; Illinois Blue Book 1957-1958, 525-527.
  491. Illinois Libraries Jan. 1957, 6-7.
  492. Illinois Libraries March 1955, 64.
  493. Illinois Blue Book 1957-1958, 524; Illinois Blue Book 1961-1962, 566; Laws of Illinois 1957, 1687-1693; Laws of Illinois 1961, 3503-3506; Interview with Dr. Wayne Temple, Sept. 17, 2008.
  494. Illinois Libraries Dec. 1956, 315-316.
  495. Norton Interview 9; Interview with Dr. Wayne Temple.
  496. Minutes of the Illinois State Library Advisory Committee Oct. 18, 1958.
  497. Illinois Libraries Jan. 1961, 70, 75, 77. Collection sizes taken from 1960 American Library Directory.
  498. Thompson 106-109.
  499. Sorensen, “The Illinois State Library: Extension, Reorganization, and Experimentation, 1921-1955,” 132; Thompson 109-119.
  500. Reid’s travels around the state may be found in many of the news bites published in each issue of Illinois Libraries during the period. National Library Week, Illinois Libraries March 1963, 145-146; liaison, Illinois Libraries March 1960, 154, 209.
  501. Illinois State Library Director’s Administrative Files; ISL News March 1959. The latter was an in-house newsletter “published by and for the staff of the Illinois State Library.”
  502. Illinois State Library Director’s Administrative Files; Illinois Libraries June 1980, 542; Clayton Highum, Centralized Processing for Public Libraries in Illinois, 12-14.
  503. Illinois Libraries Nov. 1962, 603; Illinois Blue Book 1965-1966, 519-520.
  504. Illinois Libraries Nov. 1962, 602-606; Illinois Blue Book 1965-1966, 519-520; Illinois State Journal, March 26, 1963.
  505. Illinois Libraries Nov. 1962, 607.
  506. Ibid.
  507. Illinois Libraries Nov. 1966, 776, Feb. 1968, 159-160, June 1980, 543; Illinois State Library Director’s Administrative Files; Minutes of the Illinois State Library Advisory Committee, March 10, 1967.
  508. Illinois Libraries Nov. 1960, 543-597, June 1980, 526.
  509. Illinois Libraries Nov. 1960, 550-551, 560-561, 568-569, 586-587, 589.
  510. Illinois Libraries Nov. 1960, 586-592.
  511. Illinois Libraries Nov. 1960, 549.
  512. Illinois Libraries Sept. 1958, 580, Feb.1962, 121.
  513. Illinois Libraries Feb. 1962, 121-123.
  514. Illinois Libraries Feb. 1962, 117-122.
  515. Illinois Libraries Sept. 1961, 573, June 1965, 496-497, June 1980, 538-539.
  516. Illinois Libraries June 1980, 526.
  517. Illinois Libraries Feb. 1960, 90-91.
  518. Illinois Libraries Feb. 1960, 100-101.
  519. Illinois Libraries Feb. 1960, 101.
  520. Interview with de Lafayette Reid III, March 2, 2009.
  521. In-Service Training Institutes were advertised in multiple issues of Illinois Libraries during the era.
  522. Illinois Libraries Jan. 1963, 41, June 1980, 516.
  523. Illinois Libraries Jan. 1963, 40. The entire acquisitions policy was reprinted in the Sept. 1961 issue of Illinois Libraries, 362-366.
  524. Illinois Libraries Jan. 1963, 42, 46, June 1980, 516; Impact of the Library Services Act: Progress and Potential, 114-115.
  525. Illinois Libraries March 1962, 173.
  526. Illinois Libraries March 1962, 197-199, June 1980, 526; Report of the Federal LSA Projects of the Illinois State Library 1961-62; Report of the Federal LSA Projects of the Illinois State Library 1962-63.
  527. Illinois Libraries March 1962, 175, June 1980, 526; Report of the Federal LSA Projects of the Illinois State Library 1961-62; Report of the Federal LSA Projects of the Illinois State Library 1962-63; Illinois State Library Director’s Administrative Files.
  528. Illinois Libraries March 1962, 174-175; Report of the Federal LSA Projects of the Illinois State Library 1961-62; Report of the Federal LSA Projects of the Illinois State Library 1962-63; Illinois State Library Director’s Administrative Files.
  529. Illinois Libraries March 1962, 175-176, June 1980, 538; Report of the Federal LSA Projects of the Illinois State Library 1961-62; Illinois State Library Director’s Administrative Files.
  530. Report of the Federal LSA Projects of the Illinois State Library 1961-62; Report of the Federal LSA Projects of the Illinois State Library 1962-63; Illinois Blue Book 1961-1962, 562; Illinois Libraries Jan. 1963, 46-47, June 1980, 533; Illinois State Library Director’s Administrative Files.
  531. Illinois Libraries March 1963, 115, Jan. 1967, 1-2, June 1980, 554-555; Minutes of the Illinois State Library Advisory Committee, May 5, 1962;
  532. Rohlf’s study is reprinted in the March 1964 edition of Illinois Libraries; Secretary of State Paul Powell provides a look back at the development of Rohlf’s study in the Jan.1967 edition of Illi-nois Libraries (quote taken from page 4). The June 1980 edition of Illinois Libraries, 554-555, also provides a review.
  533. Illinois Libraries Jan. 1967, 11-13, 19-20, June 1980, 554-555, March 1990 201-203, 209-210.
  534. Illinois Libraries June 1980, 554-555.
  535. Illinois Libraries March 1962, 201-202, June 1980, 551; Jeanette M. Drone, A Review and Evaluation of the Illinois State Library Scholarship Program 1961-1980, 2.
  536. Illinois Libraries March 1962, 176, Sept. 1962, 550, June 1980, 551-552.
  537. Illinois Libraries Nov. 1962, 631-633, June 1980, 553-554.
  538. Illinois Libraries Nov. 1962, 632-634, June 1980, 554.
  539. Illinois Libraries June 1980, 534.
  540. Illinois Libraries Feb. 1963, 107, March 1963, 169, Sept. 1963, 452, Jan. 1965, 33, 53, June 1980, 546; Illinois State Library Director’s Administrative Files.
  541. Illinois Libraries June 1963, 372, Oct. 1963, 470-471.
  542. Illinois Libraries Jan. 1965, 31-34.
  543. Illinois Libraries Jan. 1963, 42, Jan. 1965, 40-42.
  544. Illinois Libraries Jan. 1965, 43, 46, 48, 54-55.
  545. Illinois Libraries Jan. 1965, 48-49; Illinois Blue Book 1963-1964, 519.
  546. The State Library’s complaints of lack of space in the early years after the move to the Centennial Building are aforementioned and may be found in the Biennial Reports of the late 1920s and 1930s. Historical Library complaints, Eighteenth Biennial Report of the Board of Trustees of the Illinois State Historical Library, 1922-24, 9-11.
  547. Illinois Libraries Jan. 1965, 42; Illinois State Register Feb. 23, 1966.
  548. Illinois Libraries Nov. 1962, 648-649, June 1980, 516.
  549. Ibid.
  550. Illinois Libraries Jan. 1965, 3, June 1980, 516.
  551. Ibid.
  552. llinois Libraries Jan. 1965, 4, June 1980, 516.
  553. llinois Libraries Jan. 1965, 9-12.
  554. Illinois Libraries June 1980, 538; Report of the Federal Library Services and Construction Act of the Illinois State Library 1964-1965; Report of the Federal Library Services and Construction Act Title I, Services Fiscal 1966.
  555. Illinois Libraries June 1980, 545; Report of the Federal Library Services and Construction Act of the Illinois State Library 1964-1965; Report of the Federal Library Services and Construction Act Title I, Services Fiscal 1966.
  556. Illinois Libraries June 1980, 557; Report of the Federal Library Services and Construction Act of the Illinois State Library 1964-1965; Report of the Federal Library Services and Construction Act Title I, Services Fiscal 1966.
  557. Highum, Centralized Processing for Public Libraries in Illinois, 16-17; Report of the Federal Library Services and Construction Act of the Illinois State Library 1964-1965; Report of the Federal Library Services and Construction Act Title I, Services Fiscal 1966.
  558. Illinois Libraries June 1980, 546; Report of the Federal Library Services and Construction Act of the Illinois State Library 1964-1965.
  559. Illinois Libraries June 1980, 516-517, 519.
  560. Illinois Libraries June 1980, 554-555.
  561. Minutes of the Illinois State Library Advisory Committee, May 1, 1962; www.robertrohlf.com.
  562. Illinois Libraries March 1964, 220, 222-223, Jan. 1967, 19, Dec. 2005, 6.
  563. Illinois Libraries March 1964, 223-224; Ralph H. Stenstrom, The Emergence and Development of Public Library Systems in Illinois, 4; Report of the Federal Library Services and Construction Act of the Illinois State Library 1961-1962; Report of the Federal Library Services and Construction Act of the Illinois State Library 1962-1963.
  564. Illinois Libraries March 1964, 225.
  565. Illinois Libraries March 1964, 224-225, Dec. 2005, 6.
  566. Ibid.
  567. Illinois Libraries March 1964, 225-226, Dec. 2005, 7; Stenstrom 4.
  568. Illinois Libraries March 1964, 226.
  569. Illinois Libraries March 1964, 232, Dec. 2005, 7.
  570. Ibid.
  571. Ibid.
  572. Illinois Libraries March 1964, 232-234.
  573. Illinois Libraries March 1964, 234.
  574. Illinois Libraries March 1964, 234-235.
  575. Illinois Libraries March 1964, 235.
  576. Stenstrom 8; Illinois Libraries March 1965, 162, March 1964, 235.
  577. Illinois Libraries March 1964, 235.
  578. Illinois Libraries March 1964, 235-236.
  579. Ibid.
  580. Illinois Libraries March 1964, 236-238.
  581. Illinois Libraries March 1964, 247, Jan. 1967, 21; Stenstrom 7.
  582. Illinois Libraries March 1964, 247-248; Stenstrom 7.
  583. Illinois Libraries March 1964, 239.
  584. Illinois Libraries March 1964, 239-240.
  585. Illinois Libraries March 1964, 240.
  586. Illinois Libraries March 1964, 241-246.
  587. Illinois Libraries March 1964, 248-249, 253.
  588. Illinois Libraries March 1964, 250-251.
  589. Illinois Libraries March 1964, 251.
  590. Illinois Libraries Jan. 1967, 13-16.
  591. Stenstrom 9.
  592. Ibid.
  593. Illinois Libraries March 1967, 12-13; Stenstrom 9.
  594. Illinois Libraries Jan. 1967, 19, March 1967, 13-18; Stenstrom 9-10.
  595. Stenstrom 10-11; Illinois Libraries Jan. 1967, 19.
  596. Stenstrom 11-13, 28, 49-50.
  597. Stenstrom 10-13; Illinois Libraries Jan. 1967, 19.
  598. Illinois Blue Book 1965-66, 517.
  599. Many current and former State Library employees speak well of Powell’s involvement not only in the State Library but also in the development of libraries across Illinois.
  600. Stenstrom 14-19; Minutes of the Illinois State Library Advisory Committee, Feb. 25, 1966, March 10, 1967.
  601. Stenstrom 14-19; Illinois Libraries March 1966, 265, Jan. 1968, 1.
  602. Illinois Libraries June 1980, 519.
  603. Minutes of the Illinois State Library Advisory Committee, Apr. 23, 1965; Illinois Libraries June 1980, 517; Library Services Construction Act: A Fabulous 33-Year Run, 11-12.
  604. Champaign News Gazette Dec. 28, 1965; Illinois State Journal Dec. 27, 1965; Illinois State Library Director’s Administrative Files.
  605. Illinois Libraries Jan. 1968, 3, Dec. 1974, 908, June 1980, 516-517, 561.
  606. Illinois Libraries March 1967, 168-171.
  607. Report of the Federal Library Services and Construction Act Title I, Services Fiscal 1966; Illinois Libraries June 1980, 531-532, 538-539, 545.
  608. Illinois Libraries May 1965, 496, June 1980, 538-539, 546.
  609. Illinois Libraries May 1967, 365-366, June 1974, 465, June 1980, 553; Report of the Federal Library Services and Construction Act Title I, Services Fiscal 1966; Minutes of the Illinois State Library Advisory Committee Dec. 8-10, 1966.
  610. Illinois Libraries May 1967, 366-367, April-May 1971, 363-364, June 1980, 553; Report of the Federal Library Services and Construction Act Title I, Services Fiscal 1966.
  611. Illinois Libraries May 1967, 367-371, April-May 1971, 363, June 1980, 553; Report of the Federal Library Services and Construction Act Title I, Services Fiscal 1966.
  612. Illinois Libraries April-May 1971, 365, June 1980, 553; Illinois Nodes July 15, 1972, 4.
  613. Illinois Libraries April-May 1971, 363, June 1974, 465, June 1980, 553; Illinois Nodes July 15, 1972, 4.
  614. Illinois Libraries June 1980, 532.
  615. Illinois Libraries Feb. 1969, 156, 162, June 1980, 532-533.
  616. Illinois Libraries June 1980, 542; Highum, Centralized Processing for Public Libraries in Illinois, 62-63.
  617. Highum, Centralized Processing for Public Libraries in Illinois, 16-18; Evaluation of Operations and Potential of the Oak Park Processing Center, 4; Illinois Library Materials Processing Center Minutes, Illinois State Archives.
  618. Illinois Libraries June 1980, 542-543; Highum, Centralized Processing for Public Libraries in Illinois, 33-39, 72-82, 90-92; Illinois Library Materials Processing Center Minutes.
  619. Illinois Libraries June 1980, 542; Illinois Library Materials Processing Center Minutes.
  620. Illinois Libraries June 1980, 560-561.
  621. Illinois Libraries June 1980, 560-561, March 1965, 488.
  622. Illinois Libraries June 1980, 561-563.
  623. Illinois Libraries June 1980, 534.
  624. Illinois Libraries June 1980, 557, April-May 1971, 327-328; Minutes of the Illinois State Library Advisory Committee, May 31 – June 1, 1967.
  625. Illinois Libraries June 1980, 557, April-May 1971, 328-329.
  626. Illinois Libraries June 1980, 557, April-May 1971, 329.
  627. Illinois Libraries June 1980, 525, 557.
  628. Bert Halici, “Chronology of Library Development 1961- 1995,” 5-6; Illinois Libraries June 1980, 523; Illinois Libraries April-May 1971, 295-297.
  629. Illinois Libraries April-May 1971, 296-297; Illinois Nodes May 31, 1972, 3, 6, July 31, 1972, 3; Minutes of the Illinois State Library Advisory Committee, Dec. 5, 1969.
  630. Halcli 5-6; Illinois Libraries June 1980, 523.
  631. Illinois Libraries March 1969, 254, Dec. 1969, 855; Northern Star Oct. 5, 1970; Rockford Morning Star Oct. 3, 1970.
  632. Illinois Libraries Dec. 1969, 855-856; Minutes of the Illinois State Library Advisory Committee, Sept. 6, 1968.
  633. The accomplishments of Reid are aforementioned; the accomplishments of Trezza are forthcoming.
  634. The exhaustive 1951 survey, as well as the 1956 extension survey, both note the strain of the Illinois State Library in their traditional lending practices. Powell repeatedly reasserted the role of the State Library to serve state government.
  635. Illinois State Journal June 26, 1970; Halcli 6-8.
  636. Halcli 7-9; Illinois Libraries April-May 1971, 290-292.
  637. Illinois Libraries April-May 1971, 293.
  638. Illinois Libraries April-May 1971, 311; Halcli 8.
  639. Biennial Report 1924, 13; Illinois Blue Book 1923-1924, 460, 462; Temple 103, 336.
  640. Illinois Libraries April-May 1971, 288, 305; Illinois State Library Director’s Administrative Files.
  641. Halcli 8; Illinois Libraries April-May 1971, 308; Interview with Stanley Adams, Oct. 13, 2008.
  642. Illinois Libraries June 1980, 523; Illinois State Journal April 23, 1970; Illinois State Register April 22, 1970.
  643. Illinois State Journal July 23, 1971, April 27, 1972; Minutes of the Illinois State Library Advisory Committee, March 3, 1972.
  644. Rockford Star Oct. 3, 1970; Northern Star Oct. 5, 1970.
  645. State Journal-Register Oct. 12, 1970; Howlett 149.
  646. Temple 103, 336.
  647. Illinois Libraries Feb. 1970, 131-135.
  648. Illinois Libraries Nov. 1970, 882.
  649. Illinois Libraries June 1980, 543; Halcli 8.
  650. Illinois Libraries June 1980, 539.
  651. Illinois Libraries May 1972, 343-345, June 1980, 539-540.
  652. Illinois Nodes May 31, 1972, 6, June 15, 1972, 3-4; Illinois Libraries May 1972, 343-345, June 1980, 539-540.
  653. Illinois Nodes May 31, 1972, 6, June 15, 1972, 3-4, Jan. 31, 1973, 1; Illinois Libraries May 1972, 343-345, June 1980, 539-540.
  654. Illinois Libraries June 1980, 539.
  655. Illinois Libraries June 1980, 543.
  656. Illinois Libraries April-May 1971, 271, 274.
  657. Illinois Libraries April-May 1971, 274-275, 278, 287.
  658. State Journal-Register May 17, 1980; Interviews with Nancy Krah, Arlyn Booth, Vicki Strohm, Marie Halcli.
  659. Interviews with Arlyn Booth, Nancy Krah, Vicki Strohm.
  660. Ibid.
  661. Illinois Libraries April-May 1971, 275, 281-282.
  662. Illinois Libraries April-May 1971, 281-282.
  663. Minutes of the Illinois State Library Advisory Committee June 9, 1967; Cresap, McCormick, and Paget, Illinois State Library: Development of an Organizational Plan and Salary Administration Plan for Authorized Positions, Exhibit IV-1, page III-I, III-2, III-3, V-1, V-2, V-3, V-4, V-5, V-6, VI-1, V-2; Illinois Libraries June 1980, 527.
  664. Illinois Libraries April-May 1971, 283-286.
  665. Illinois Libraries April-May 1971, 286.
  666. Ibid.
  667. Illinois Libraries April-May 1971, 292-293.
  668. Illinois Libraries April-May 1971, 294-295.
  669. Illinois Libraries April-May 1971, 296-297.
  670. For more information on the MARC system, see Analysis of Illinois State Library Requirements for the Creation of MARC and Related Machine Readable Files by Josephine Pulsifer. Interview with Ethel Snyder; Illinois Libraries April-May 1971, 299.
  671. Bohdan S. Wynar and Arlene G. Taylor, Introduction to Cataloging and Classification, 20, 23-24, 48, 95; Selected Speeches from Full Integration of OCLC by All Library Departments, 38. Also see Pulsifer.
  672. Illinois Libraries June 1980, 544.
  673. Illinois Libraries Feb. 1972, 199-202; Illinois Nodes June 15, 1972, 4.
  674. Halcli 9; Illinois Libraries June 1980, 544.
  675. Illinois Libraries April-May 1971, 301-306.
  676. Illinois Libraries April-May 1971, 306-307.
  677. Illinois Libraries April-May 1971, 308-309.
  678. Chicago Daily Defender March 20, 1971. The entire June 1971 issue of Illinois Libraries deals with the topic of government documents.
  679. Illinois Libraries May 1972, 401-402, 447-452, June 1980, 534-535; Illinois Nodes Sept. 18, 1972, 1.
  680. Illinois Libraries April-May 1971, 310-312.
  681. Illinois Libraries April-May 1971, 312-314.
  682. Illinois Libraries April-May 1971, 281-282, 312.
  683. Illinois Libraries April-May 1971, 313.
  684. Illinois Libraries April-May 1971, 320, 334, 340.
  685. Illinois Libraries April-May 1971, 327, 333.
  686. Illinois Libraries April-May 1971, 332.
  687. Illinois Libraries April-May 1971, 342-344.
  688. Illinois Libraries April-May 1971, 346-350.
  689. Illinois Libraries April-May 1971, 351-352.
  690. Illinois Libraries April-May 1971, 358-364, April 1977, 263.
  691. Illinois Libraries June 1980, 552; Chicago Tribune June 22, 1972, June 29, 1972; Chicago Daily Defender June 18, 1972; Drone 3.
  692. Illinois Libraries April-May 1971, 334-337.
  693. Illinois Libraries April-May 1971, 337-339.
  694. Illinois Libraries April-May 1971, 338-339.
  695. Meeting the Challenge: Illinois State Library’s Long-Range Program for Library Development in Illinois 1972-77, 5.
  696. Meeting the Challenge 5-6, 34.
  697. Illinois Libraries June 1980, 521.
  698. Ibid.
  699. Meeting the Challenge 9.
  700. Meeting the Challenge 10.
  701. Meeting the Challenge 10; The Illinois State Library: A Management Study of Organization and Operations, exhibit III-6.
  702. Meeting the Challenge 10-11.
  703. Meeting the Challenge 10-11.
  704. Meeting the Challenge 10, 12.
  705. Illinois Libraries June 1980, 528-529; Illinois Nodes Dec. 31, 1972, 3.
  706. Halcli 9-11; Illinois Nodes July 15, 1973, 1.
  707. Illinois Libraries April 1972, 296-297; Meeting the Challenge 15.
  708. Meeting the Challenge 15-17.
  709. Illinois Libraries April-May 1971, 323, Nov. 1974, 893, June 1980, 524.
  710. Illinois Libraries April-May 1971, 323, Nov. 1974, 893.
  711. Illinois Libraries April-May 1971, 323.
  712. Illinois Libraries June 1980, 524-525, Spring 1995, 58.
  713. Meeting the Challenge 9, 19-20.
  714. Ibid.
  715. Meeting the Challenge 15-17; Illinois Libraries Oct. 1976, 576.
  716. Illinois Libraries May 1972, 319; Toward Cooperative Collection Development in the Illinois Library and Information Network, 6.
  717. Ibid.
  718. Illinois Libraries May 1972, 320; Halcli 18; Minutes of the Illinois State Library Advisory Committee, Dec. 3, 1971.
  719. Illinois Libraries May 1972, 319, Oct. 1973, 586, Sept. 1976, 549-550.
  720. Illinois Nodes Dec. 31, 1974, 3.
  721. Ibid.
  722. Illinois Libraries Oct. 1979, 687-688.
  723. Illinois Libraries Nov. 1972, 803-804.
  724. Illinois Nodes April 30, 1973, 1, June 15, 1973, 1, Oct.-Nov. 1983, 4; Halcli 20.
  725. Illinois Libraries Nov. 1972, 792.
  726. Interview with Nancy Krah; Halcli 11; Minutes of the Illinois State Library Advisory Committee, June 5, 1970.
  727. Illinois Libraries June 1986, 405; Illinois Nodes June 1985, 1; Illinois State Library Top Shelf May 1985.
  728. Illinois Libraries April-May 1971, 343-344, May 1972, 296-298, June 1980, 561-562.
  729. Illinois Libraries June 1980, 561-562; Illinois Nodes May 1972, 5.
  730. Illinois Libraries June 1980, 561-562; Minutes of the Illinois State Library Advisory Committee, Sept 6, 1974; Illinois Nodes Sept. 16, 1974, 1.
  731. Illinois Libraries April-May 1971, 341-342, April 1972, 327, September 1974, 501, 510, June 1980, 562; Minutes of the Illinois State Library Advisory Committee, Dec. 3, 1971.
  732. Illinois Nodes May 1972, 4; Illinois Libraries April-May 1971, 341-342, April 1972, 327, Sept. 1974, 510, June 1980, 562.
  733. Illinois Nodes Oct. 31, 1972, 3; Illinois Libraries April 1983, 262, June 1980, 563.
  734. Illinois Libraries April 1983, 262-263.
  735. Illinois Libraries March 1990, 259.
  736. Illinois Nodes, July 31, 1973, 3; Illinois Libraries June 1980, 570.
  737. Halcli 10-11.
  738. Illinois Nodes March 15, 1974, 1; Illinois Libraries June 1980, 548.
  739. Illinois Nodes May 31, 1976, 1; Halcli 9; Illinois Libraries June 1980, 548; Minutes of the Illinois State Library Advisory Committee, Dec. 3, 1971.
  740. Halcli 10; Interview with Stanley Adams, Jan. 17, 2009.
  741. Illinois Libraries June 1977, 406-407.
  742. Illinois Nodes Jan. 31, 1975, 1; Illinois Libraries June 1977, 407-408, 411.
  743. Illinois Libraries June 1977, 407-411; Halcli 12.
  744. Illinois Libraries June 1977, 413-414.
  745. Illinois Libraries Nov. 1977, 668-669, June 1980 540-541.
  746. Illinois Nodes Jan. 31, 1975, 2; Illinois Libraries June 1980, 540-541.
  747. Illinois Interlibrary Cooperation (Consultant) Program: An Evaluation 1975-1980, 1-2.
  748. Illinois Nodes Dec. 31, 1974, 4; Halcli 13.
  749. Illinois Libraries June 1980, 527, 571; Illinois Nodes March 31, 1975, 1.
  750. Illinois Libraries June 1980, 529, 571; Illinois Nodes May 31, 1976, 4.
  751. Illinois Nodes Oct. 15, 1974, 1, June 20, 1975, 1; State Journal-Register June 9, 1975.
  752. Illinois Nodes May 31, 1972, 5.
  753. Ibid.
  754. Illinois Libraries March 1969, 254; Illinois Nodes June 30, 1972, 4, June 20, 1975, 1; Interview with Nancy Krah; Interview with Jean Wilkins; Interview with Francie LaCamera; Interview with Dee Ann Powless; Interview with Alyce Scott; Interview with Stanley Adams, Jan. 17, 2009.
  755. Illinois Libraries Dec. 2005, 31.
  756. Ibid.
  757. Illinois Libraries Dec. 2005, 31; Interview with Taylor Pensoneau.
  758. Selected Speeches from Full Integration of OCLC, 38; Illinois Libraries April 1978, 395-396, April 1980, 543.
  759. Illinois Libraries April 1978, 395-397, June 1980, 543-544.
  760. Interview with Francie LaCamera; Interview with Dee Ann Powless; Interview with Stanley Adams, Jan. 17, 2009; Illinois Libraries Oct. 1976, 650, April 1978, 396-397, June 1980, 544.
  761. Interview with Bridget Lamont.
  762. Illinois Libraries June 1977, 410, April 1978, 397, March 1990, 212; Interview with Bridget Lamont.
  763. Illinois Libraries June 1977, 457, April 1978, 396-397, June 1980, 544.
  764. Illinois Libraries April 1978, 397; Halcli 16.
  765. Illinois Libraries April 1978, 395, June 1980, 543; Illinois Nodes Sept. 16, 1974, 3.
  766. Illinois Libraries April 1978, 383-384, 395.
  767. Illinois Nodes Jan. 31, 1976, 3, Nov. 30, 1976, 2, March 23, 1977, 3; Illinois Libraries April 1978, 383-393.
  768. Illinois Libraries March 1978, 264; Interview with Carolyn Sandidge; The Illinois State Library: A Management Study of Organization and Operations, p. III-11; Illinois Nodes Dec. 1983, 1.
  769. The Illinois State Library: A Management Study of Organization and Operations, p. IV-4; Illinois Libraries June 1980, 543.
  770. Illinois Libraries June 1975, 364; Halcli 12.
  771. Illinois Libraries June 1975, 365, 380-381, June 1977, 403; Illinois Nodes Oct. 31, 1974, 1; Minutes of the Illinois State Library Advisory Committee, Oct. 4, 1973.
  772. Information taken from presentation aid in Illinois Library Network, a 12-minute information filmstrip produced in 1974.
  773. Linda G. Bills, Interlibrary Loan Before and After OCLC, 78, 81.
  774. Illinois Libraries June 1980, 528.
  775. Halcli 18; The Illinois State Library: A Management Study of Organization and Operations, p. IV-5.
  776. Illinois Libraries Oct. 1983, 485-487.
  777. Illinois Nodes March 23, 1977, 1-2; Toward Cooperative Collection Development in the Illinois Library and Information Network, 2; Illinois Libraries June 1980, 549.
  778. Toward Cooperative Collection Development in the Illinois Library and Information Network, 7-8; Illinois Libraries June 1980, 549.
  779. Toward Cooperative Collection Development in the Illinois Library and Information Network, 8-11; Illinois Libraries June 1980, 549; Terry Weech, Evaluation of Current Status of Cooperative Collection Development in Illinois, 3.
  780. Weech, 1-3, 5-6, 24.
  781. Illinois Libraries April 1984, 200-201.
  782. Interview with Arlyn Booth; Illinois Libraries Oct. 1981, 608.
  783. Interview with Marie Halcli, who noted that the 1970s were a time of great excitement among Illinois State Library employees, mainly because of the important new technologies, such as OCLC, that were being implemented. Snyders, Illinois Libraries Dec. 1977, 793.
  784. Illinois Libraries Dec. 1976, 817-819, Feb. 1978, 127.
  785. Illinois Libraries June 1977, 430-442.
  786. Illinois Libraries March 1990, 214; Halcli 7, 14-15.
  787. Illinois Libraries June 1980, 543; Halcli 18; Illinois Nodes March 1980, 2.
  788. Illinois Libraries April 1979, 303-305, June 1980 571-572.
  789. Illinois Libraries June 1980, 571-572.
  790. Illinois Libraries April 1979, 317-318, June 1980, 572.
  791. Illinois Libraries April 1979, 304, 331.
  792. Illinois Libraries April 1979, 333-342, 390.
  793. Illinois Libraries April 1979, 313, 343-346.
  794. Selected Speeches From Integration of OCLC by All Library Departments, 43.
  795. The Illinois State Library: A Management Study of Organization and Operations, p. II-1, III-6, III-7, III-8; exhibits III-3.
  796. The Illinois State Library: A Management Study of Organization and Operations, p. II-1, III-7, exhibit III-6; Halcli 18.
  797. The Illinois State Library: A Management Study of Organization and Operations, p. III-8; exhibits III-5, III-9; Halcli 19.
  798. The Illinois State Library: A Management Study of Organization and Operations, p. III-9, III-10; exhibits III-9, III-11.
  799. Halcli 18; The Illinois State Library: A Management Study of Organization and Operations, p. III-10-11.
  800. Halcli 19.
  801. The Illinois State Library: A Management Study of Organization and Operations, p. IV-3, notes the national respect of the Illinois State Library in terms of automation. The leadership strengths of Reid, Trezza, and Gesterfield are aforementioned.
  802. The Illinois State Library: A Management Study of Organization and Operations, p. IV-1, IV-2.
  803. Drone 1-5, 19-20, 38-41, 92.
  804. Illinois Nodes June 30, 1974, 3, April 1980, 1; Illinois Libraries Nov. 1974, 766, Oct. 1975, 596, Feb. 1981, 194; Clayton Highum, coord. The Illinois Library Materials Processing Center: A Study, 1.
  805. The Illinois State Library: A Management Study of Organization and Operations, p. IV-10.
  806. The Illinois State Library: A Management Study of Organization and Operations, p. IV-7, IV-8, IV-9; Halcli 18.
  807. The Illinois State Library: A Management Study of Organization and Operations, p. IV-7, IV-8, IV-9, IV-11, IV-16, IV-17.
  808. Former Illinois State Library Director Bridget Lamont recalls the efforts to address the recommendations made in the 1982 Cresap, McCormick, and Paget study. Her predecessor, Kay Gesterfield, also indicated a welcome of the changes in an issue of Illinois Libraries prior to her departure.
  809. Illinois Libraries Feb. 1983, 157-158, Jan. 1984, 40; May 1984, 240, March 1990, 214.
  810. Avenues to Excellence i; Measures of Quality II inside cover, Illinois Libraries June 1980, 567, Feb. 1983, 157-158, Jan. 1984, 40, May 1984, 240.
  811. Illinois Libraries Oct. 1986, 509-510, May 1981, 356; Oct. 1984, 414-415.
  812. Edgar’s love of, and devotion to, libraries is well-documented. The literacy issue is addressed later in this volume. For information on Edgar’s early life, see Howard, Mostly Good and Competent Men, 2nd ed.
  813. Interview with Bridget Lamont.
  814. Ibid.
  815. Illinois Authors, introduction page.
  816. Illinois Libraries Dec. 1984, 627-628.
  817. Illinois Authors, introduction page.
  818. Halcli 22; www.illinoiscenterforthebook.org.
  819. Interview with Alyce Scott.
  820. Illinois Libraries Sept. 1985, 571, June 1987, 354.
  821. Illinois Libraries Sept. 1985, 575, June 1987, 354, 395.
  822. Illinois Libraries June 1987, 354-355, 395-397.
  823. Illinois Libraries June 1987, 354-355, 395-397; The Illinois Literacy Effort brochure.
  824. Illinois Libraries June 1987, 355, 396, 398; The Illinois Literacy Effort brochure.
  825. Illinois Nodes July-Aug. 1986, 1, Sept-Oct. 1992, 2.
  826. Illinois Libraries April 1987 290-291, Illinois Nodes Dec. 1986, 1, Feb.-March 1987, 3.
  827. Illinois Libraries April 1987, 290.
  828. Interview with Bridget Lamont.
  829. Chicago Tribune March 25, 1984; Minutes of the Illinois State Library Advisory Committee, March 11, 1983.
  830. Ibid.
  831. Interview with Bridget Lamont; Interview with Kathleen Bloomberg; Interview with Greg McCormick, April 2, 2009; Illinois Nodes Jan.-Feb. 1983, 2.
  832. Illinois Nodes Jan-Feb. 1983, 1, July 1983, 1, Oct-Nov. 1983, 1.
  833. Interview with Bridget Lamont.
  834. Ibid.
  835. Illinois Nodes Sept. 1983, 1, Jan. 1985, 1; Halcli 17, 20; Interview with Kathleen Bloomberg; Illinois Libraries March 1990, 211-212; Minutes of the Illinois State Library Advisory Committee, May 9-10, 1985; “Illinois State Library Automation Chronology of Events.”
  836. Halcli 16, 18, 20; Weech 3; Illinois Nodes Sept. 1991, 3; Letter from Kristine Hammerstrand to author.
  837. Halcli 16, 18, 20; Weech 3; Illinois Libraries June 1980, 544; Illinois Nodes Sept. 1991, 3; Letter from Kristine Hammerstrand.
  838. Illinois Libraries March 1990, 288, March 1993, 56-57.
  839. Weech 3.
  840. Illinois Libraries Oct. 1990, 594.
  841. Illinois Libraries Oct. 1990, 554-555.
  842. Illinois Libraries Dec. 1987, 696, May 1983, 348.
  843. Illinois Libraries Dec. 1987, 696-701, May 1983, 350; Halcli 22.
  844. Illinois Libraries Dec. 1987, 696-701, March 1990, 217.
  845. Illinois Libraries March 1990, 196-197, 307.
  846. Illinois Libraries June 1983, 389, March 1990, 196-197.
  847. Illinois Libraries March 1990, 196-197, 210-211, 307.
  848. Illinois Libraries March 1990, 215, 307, April 1990, 315-316.
  849. Illinois Libraries April 1990, 316-317.
  850. Interview with Bridget Lamont; Illinois Libraries Dec. 2005, 111.
  851. Illinois Libraries April 1990, 317-319.
  852. Illinois Libraries April 1990, 317-319, March 1991, 208, 235, 266; Illinois Insight Nov.-Dec. 1992, 3.
  853. Halcli 24-25.
  854. Illinois Libraries March 1990, 215-216.
  855. Ibid.
  856. Illinois Libraries Feb. 1989, 144-145.
  857. Illinois Libraries Oct. 1986, 480-481, 512-513, Jan. 1993, 7-15; Illinois Nodes Aug. 1987, 1, Dec. 1988, 2; Illinois Insight Sept. 1991, 2, Nov-Dec. 1991, 3, July-Aug. 1992, 1-2; Halcli 27.
  858. Halcli 23; Trustee Facts File.
  859. Halcli 20-21; Illinois Nodes May 1983, 2.
  860. State Journal-Register March 3, 1974.
  861. Interview with Bridget Lamont.
  862. State Journal-Register March 3, 1974.
  863. Interview with Bridget Lamont; Illinois Libraries Jan. 1987, 701-702; Illinois Nodes July 1985, 1.
  864. Illinois Nodes February – March 1987, 1, 4; Illinois Nodes July 1985, 1.
  865. Preservation of Library and Archival Resources in Illinois, ii, 1.
  866. Preservation of Library and Archival Resources in Illinois, ii; Illinois Libraries Dec. 1987, 702-703; Illinois Nodes Oct-Nov. 1988, 1.
  867. State Journal-Register May 1, 1979; Illinois Nodes April 1988, 1; Interview with Bridget Lamont; Illinois Libraries Nov. 1987, 608.
  868. Illinois Libraries Oct. 1989, 367; Interview with Bridget Lamont.
  869. Illinois Nodes Feb. 1985, 1.
  870. Illinois Nodes Feb. 1985, 1, July-Aug. 1985, 1; Illinois Libraries Oct. 1989, 367; State Journal-Register Feb. 24, 1985; Howard, Mostly Good and Competent Men, 2nd ed., 317.
  871. Illinois Nodes Feb. 1985, 1, July-Aug. 1985, 1; Illinois Libraries Oct. 1989, 367, Nov. 1987, 608; State Journal-Register Feb. 24, 1985; Chicago Sun-Times May 26, 1993; Howard, Mostly Good and Competent Men, 2nd ed., 317; Interview with Greg McCormick, Feb. 27, 2009; Interview with Bridget Lamont.
  872. Illinois Libraries March 1990 368-369; State Journal-Register June 21, 1990; James Krohe, “Unbalanced Structure,” 15.
  873. Krohe 15; State Journal-Register June 21, 1990; Illinois Nodes April 1988, 1.
  874. State Journal-Register June 21, 1987; Illinois Nodes April 1988, 1; Gondos 22-23.
  875. Illinois Libraries Oct. 1989, 369-370; Illinois Nodes Nov.-Dec. 1987, 1-2; Krohe 15.
  876. Interview with Bridget Lamont.
  877. Ibid.
  878. Illinois Libraries Oct. 1989, 370, 372; Illinois Nodes Nov.-Dec. 1987, 1-2.
  879. Illinois Nodes Nov.-Dec. 1987, 1.
  880. State Journal-Register June 21, 1987, Jan. 13, 1988.
  881. Illinois Nodes April 1988, 1-2.
  882. “Illinois State Library Fact Sheet,” unpublished document.
  883. Interview with Greg McCormick, Feb. 27, 2009; Interview with Bridget Lamont.
  884. Sandra Martin, “Reading Illinois,” 23; Chicago Tribune June 18, 1990, Oct. 5, 1990; State Journal-Register Sept. 30, 1989.
  885. Martin 23; Chicago Tribune Oct. 5, 1990; State Journal-Register Sept. 30, 1989.
  886. Chicago Tribune Oct. 5, 1990; State Journal-Register Sept. 30, 1989.
  887. Ibid.
  888. Interview with Bridget Lamont; Chicago Tribune June 18, 1990, Oct. 5, 1990; Illinois Nodes Nov. 1989, 3-4.
  889. “35 Illinois Authors Immortalized on New Building,” 2; Illinois Nodes Nov. 1989, 3; State Journal-Register Sept. 30, 1989.
  890. Martin 22.
  891. Illinois Nodes March 1989, 1, 4.
  892. Illinois Nodes March 1989, 1, 4; “Illinois State Library Fact Sheet.”
  893. State Journal-Register April 29, 1990; St. Louis Post-Dispatch May 3, 1990.
  894. “Illinois State Library Fact Sheet”; Illinois Nodes March 1989, 1; State Journal-Register April 29, 1990; Interview with Greg McCormick, Feb. 27, 2009; St. Louis Post-Dispatch May 3, 1990.
  895. Illinois State Library Top Shelf May -June 1990, 3-4.
  896. Invitation to Dedication Ceremony, Illinois State Library, June 20, 1990.
  897. Illinois Nodes June-July 1990, 2; St. Louis Post-Dispatch June 25, 1990.
  898. State Journal-Register June 21, 1990.
  899. Illinois Libraries Jan. 1991, 7.
  900. Illinois Libraries Fall 1993, 312; Illinois Insight June 1991, 3.
  901. Illinois Libraries Fall 1993, 285-289, Winter 1996, 5-7; Illinois Insight Nov.-Dec. 1991, 1.
  902. Illinois Libraries Jan. 1991, 7-8, Fall 1996, 234-235.
  903. Illinois Libraries Jan. 1991, 4-6.
  904. Illinois Libraries Jan. 1991, 7.
  905. Illinois Insight June 1991, 1, Jan.-Feb.-March 1993, 2.
  906. Illinois Nodes March-April 1990, 1, Feb. 1990, 1; Illinois Libraries May 1991, 450, 452, 457, Dec. 2005, 111.
  907. Illinois Nodes March 1984, 1-2, Oct.-Nov. 1988, 2, Aug. 1987, 3; Halcli 24.
  908. Illinois Nodes Jan. 1990, 3, Feb. 1988, 4; Illinois Libraries Jan. 1991, 41; Halcli 26.
  909. Illinois Insight June-July-Aug. 1993, 1.
  910. Illinois Nodes July-Aug. 1986, 3, Aug. 1987, 1, March 1988, 1-2, Oct.-Nov. 1988, 4.
  911. Illinois Nodes Oct. 1990, 2, April-May 1990, 2, June-July 1990, 1; Chicago Sun-Times June 1, 1990.
  912. Illinois Insight May-June 1998, 3, Nov.-Dec. 2006, 2.
  913. Illinois Nodes Oct. 1990, 1; Naperville Sun Aug. 19, 1990.
  914. Ibid.
  915. Illinois Insight July-Aug. 1992, 1-2; Interview with Bridget Lamont.
  916. Interview with Bridget Lamont.
  917. Interview with Bridget Lamont; Illinois Libraries Dec. 2005, 111.
  918. “Spotlight on Springfield,” video interview featuring Bridget Lamont and George Ryan, 1993; Interview with Bridget Lamont; Illinois Insight April-May 1993, 1,3, June-July-Aug. 1993, 1.
  919. Illinois Insight April-May 1993, 1, 3; Halcli 28.
  920. Illinois Insight April-May 1993, 1, June-July-Aug. 1993, 1, 3, Fall 1994, 1.
  921. Illinois Insight Summer 1995 1-2, Winter 1993-94, 2, Spring 1995, 2; Halcli 28.
  922. Illinois Insight Summer 1995, 1-2, Winter 1993-1994, 2, Spring 1995, 2; Illinois Libraries Spring 1996, 80; Halcli 28.
  923. Chicago Tribune Feb. 25, 1993.
  924. Ibid.
  925. Ibid.
  926. Illinois Insight May-June 1996, 3, July-Aug. 1996, 3.
  927. Illinois Insight Nov.-Dec. 1992, 1-2, Sept.-Oct. 1992, 3.
  928. Illinois Libraries Summer 1998, 115-116.
  929. Illinois Libraries Spring 1997, 49.
  930. Illinois Libraries March 1990, 305.
  931. Illinois Libraries March 1990, 306.
  932. Vision 1996: A Plan for the Illinois Library Systems in the Next Decade, 135-161; HBW Recommendations and Blue Ribbons Task Force Actions; Illinois Libraries March 1990, 218, 306.
  933. Vision 1996, 135-136, 141-142, 145-146, 150-151; HBW Recommendations and Blue Ribbons Task Force Actions.
  934. Vision 1996, 154-157; HBW Recommendations and Blue Ribbons Task Force Actions.
  935. HBW Recommendations and Blue Ribbons Task Force Actions; Illinois Libraries March 1990, 218, 306; Halcli 24.
  936. Interview with Bridget Lamont; Interview with Jean Wilkins; Illinois Libraries March 1990, 306; Illinois Insight Sept. 1991, 1; Halcli 27.
  937. Illinois Insight June-July-Aug. 1993, 3; Halcli 28.
  938. Illinois Insight June-July-Aug. 1993, 2-3; Illinois Libraries March 1990, 306.
  939. Illinois Insight May 2004, 4, July 2004, 3.
  940. Illinois Libraries Summer 1999, 155; Illinois Insight Feb. 1994, 1, March 2004, 3.
  941. Illinois Libraries Summer 1999, 155.
  942. Illinois Libraries Summer 1999, 155; Illinois Insight Feb. 1994, 1, March 2004, 3.
  943. Illinois Libraries Summer 1999, 155, 161; Illinois Insight Feb. 1994, 1, March 2004, 3.
  944. Illinois Insight March 2004, 3.
  945. Illinois Insight Feb. 1995, 1-2, Jan.-Feb. 1996, 1-2.
  946. Illinois Insight Jan.-Feb. 2001, 1-3.
  947. Illinois Insight Sept. 2003, 2.
  948. Illinois Insight May-June 2000, 2.
  949. “Library Services and Construction Act: A Fabulous 33-Year Run”; Illinois Libraries Summer 1998, 97.
  950. “Library Services and Construction Act: A Fabulous 33-Year Run”; Illinois Nodes April 30, 1973, 1, June 15, 1973, 1.
  951. “Library Services and Construction Act: A Fabulous 33-Year Run”; Illinois Libraries Winter 1999, 50.
  952. “Library Services and Construction Act: A Fabulous 33-Year Run”; Illinois Libraries Summer 1998, 97.
  953. Illinois State Library Annual Report FY 2007, 6.
  954. Interview with Bridget Lamont; Illinois Insight Jan.-Feb. 1999, 3.
  955. Illinois Insight Jan.-Feb. 1999, 1, 3, Jan.-Feb. 2005, 1.
  956. Interview with Jean Wilkins.
  957. www.jessewhitetumblingteam.com; Illinois Insight Jan.-Feb. 1999, 1.
  958. Illinois Insight March 2003, 3.
  959. Interview with Jean Wilkins; Illinois Insight Jan.-Feb. 2005, 1.
  960. Try-It! has become an annual event for the Illinois State Library. The trial runs from October 1 to November 30. The 2010 edition was billed as the “Eleventh Annual Try-It!”
  961. Illinois Insight July-Aug. 1997, 2.
  962. Illinois Insight July-Aug. 1997, 2, May-June 1998, 2.
  963. State Journal-Register June 2, 2001; Interview with Jean Wilkins.
  964. Ibid.
  965. Illinois Insight July-Aug. 2003, 3.
  966. Illinois Insight May-June 2006, 1.
  967. Illinois State Library Annual Report FY 2007, 12.
  968. Brooks’ place in Illinois literary history, as well as her devotion to children and the struggles of inner-city, low-income residents, is well-documented.
  969. Peoria Journal-Star May 28, 2001; Chicago Sun-Times March 30, 2001, June 14, 2002, March 10, 2003.
  970. Chicago Sun-Times June 14, 2002.
  971. Chicago Sun-Times March 30, 2001, March 10, 2003, June 5, 2003.
  972. Peoria Journal-Star May 28, 2001; Chicago Sun-Times June 14, 2002, March 10, 2003.
  973. Chicago Sun-Times March 10, 2003; Illinois Insight May-June 2003, 1.
  974. Illinois Insight July-Aug. 2003, 1-2.
  975. Illinois Insight Jan.-Feb. 2003, 1.
  976. Interview with Anne Craig; Illinois Library Automation Chronology of Events.
  977. Illinois Library Automation Chronology of Events.
  978. Illinois Insight Winter 1994, 1-2; Illinois Libraries Fall 1995, 210.
  979. www.finditillinois.org; Illinois Insight Sept.-Oct. 1999, 1,3, March-April 2000, 1,3; Illinois Libraries Fall 2000, 230.
  980. Interview with Anne Craig.
  981. Illinois Insight March-April 2000 1, 3, Sept.-Oct. 1999 1, 3; That’s It! Find-It! Illinois, VIC, IGI videoconference.
  982. Interview with Anne Craig; Illinois Insight Sept.-Oct. 2007, 3.
  983. “Top Programs from 1995 to Date”; illinoiscenterforthebook.org.
  984. Interview with Anne Craig; Illinois State Library Annual Report FY 2007, 12; Illinois Library Automation Chronology of Events.
  985. Illinois Insight Sept. 2004, 3.
  986. Illinois Insight May-June 2006, 2, March-April 2007, 2, May-June 2007, 4; Illinois Library Automation Chronology of Events; Belleville News-Democrat May 4, 2006.
  987. Illinois Insight July-Aug. 2000, 1-2, Sept.-Oct. 2002, 1, March 1999, 1,3, May-June 2006, 3.
  988. Illinois Insight Jan.-Feb. 2007, 3.
  989. Illinois Insight Jan.-Feb. 2007, 2.
  990. Illinois Insight Nov.-Dec. 1996, 2, July-Aug. 2008, 3; Interview with Jean Wilkins.
  991. St. Louis Post-Dispatch Dec. 26, 2001; Illinois Insight Nov.-Dec. 1996, 2, July-Aug. 2008, 3.
  992. Illinois Library Automation Chronology of Events.
  993. Illinois Insight Sept. 2003, 3, Jan.-Feb. 2005, 2, Sept.-Oct. 2006, 3.
  994. Illinois Insight Nov.-Dec. 2005, 2, May-June 2003, 3, Nov.-Dec. 2006, 3.
  995. Illinois Insight Nov.-Dec. 2005, 2, May-June 2003, 3, March-April 2008, 3.
  996. Interview with Jean Wilkins.
  997. Ibid.
  998. Illinois Insight Nov.-Dec. 2005, 2, Sept.-Oct. 2004, 3.
  999. Public Library Service for All: A Report on the Summit on the Unserved, 2; Illinois Insight Nov.-Dec. 2000, 3.
  1000. Public Library Service for All, 15-21.
  1001. Public Library Service for All, 3-9; Illinois Insight Nov.-Dec. 2000, 3.
  1002. Chicago Sun-Times Sept. 19, 1993; Interview with Anne Craig.
  1003. The World Almanac and Book of Facts 2009, 433.
  1004. Illinois Insight Jan.-Feb. 2005, 1.
  1005. Illinois Insight Jan.-Feb. 2005, 1; Interview with Alyce Scott; Interview with Anne Craig; Interview with Raymond Collins.
  1006. Interview with Jean Wilkins.
  1007. Illinois Insight Jan.-Feb. 2005, 1, May-June 2005, 1; Chicago Tribune June 10, 2005.
  1008. Interview with Jean Wilkins.
  1009. Chicago Tribune June 10, 2005.
  1010. Illinois Insight May-June 2000, 3, Nov.-Dec. 2000, 1-2.
  1011. Ibid.
  1012. Illinois Insight Jan.-Feb. 2001, 3, Nov.-Dec. 2003, 3, Sept.-Oct. 2004, 3.
  1013. Guide to the Secretary of State Literacy Effort 2007, 6-12.
  1014. Guide to the Secretary of State Literacy Effort 2006, 6-13.
  1015. Guide to the Secretary of State Literacy Effort 2004, 6, 10-11; Guide to the Secretary of State Literacy Effort 2005, 9.
  1016. Illinois Libraries March 1993, 96-97, 120.
  1017. Interview with Dan Dixon; Illinois Insight Nov.-Dec. 2007, 2, March-April 2008, 3.
  1018. Interview with Anne Craig.
  1019. Illinois Libraries Dec. 2005, 108.
  1020. Interview with Bridget Lamont.